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United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Org typeAgency
HeadIrina Bokova
Director-General of UNESCO
Established16 November 1945[1]
HeadquartersParis, France

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (French: L'Organisation des Nations unies pour l’éducation, la science et la culture; /juːˈnɛsk/) is an agency of the United Nations (UN). UNESCO says its purpose is to help keep peace and security. It is supposed to do this by promoting nations helping one another, through education, science, and culture. This is supposed to help other nations follow the rule of law and human rights. It also helps promote some freedoms which are in the UN Charter.[1]

UNESCO has 195 Member countries. It recently added Palestine in November 2011. Along with Palestine, eight other states became members.[2][3]

UNESCO tries to achieve what it wants to do through six programs: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information. Some projects sponsored by UNESCO are literacy, technical, and teacher-training programmes. UNESCO also decides what will become World Heritage Sites. A World Heritage Site is an important, special interesting or beautiful place. If a place is a World Heritage Site, the place can not be destroyed, as it can give useful information for the future. The Uluru, for example, gives a lot of information on the culture of Aborigines. UNESCO is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.[4]


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