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Area is the amount of space a two dimensional (flat) surface takes up. It is useful because it is how much of a material is needed to make a hollow container; for example, how much wood is needed to make a wardrobe.
- Area of a rectangle is the length of any two touching sides multiplied together. In other words, length times width.
- Area of a triangle is half of the base multiplied by the perpendicular height. This can be found using the trigonometry formula, [math]A = 1/2 ab \sin c.[/math].
- Area of a circle: [math]A = \pi r^2[/math].