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Europe is bordered by water on three sides. On the west is the Atlantic Ocean. To the north is the Arctic Ocean. The Mediterranean Sea separates Southeastern Europe from Africa. On the eastern border of Europe are the Ural River and Ural Mountains.
There are at least 43 countries in Europe (the European identity of Cyprus, Georgia, Turkey and Russia are disputed). Most of these countries are members of the European Union.
As of 2017, about 510 million people lived in Europe.
Europe makes 44% of the world's wine.
Europe contains the world's second most-active volcano, which is Mount Etna that is currently the most-active volcano in the continent.
Origin of name
Europe is named after a princess in Greek mythology called "Europa." The myth says that Zeus kidnapped Europa and took her to Crete, where she became the mother of King Minos (from whom Europe’s first civilization gets its name, the Minoans).
Some of the major periods in European history have been:
- Ancient Greece (Minoan, Mycenaean, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic): c.2000 BC to 146 BC
- Ancient Rome (Roman kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire): 753BC-476
- Middle Ages (Early, High, Late): 476 to 1492
- Early Modern Era (Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, Enlightenment): 1492-1789
- 19th Century, 20th Century and 21st Century (French Revolution, Napoleonic Wars, Industrial Revolution, Colonialism, World War 1, World War 2, Cold War) 1789-present
Regions and countries
There are several major regions of Europe:
Within these regions, there are up to 47 independent European countries (with the identities of 4 transcontinental countries being disputed). The largest is the Russian Federation, which covers 39% of Europe.
Most of Europe lies in temperate climate zones.
However, there are many different climates throughout Europe. For example, during the winter, it may be snowing and -30 degrees Celsius for 4–5 months in Finland. Yet it may be much warmer, with no snow at all except on high mountains, in Spain.
The European Union is a confederation of 27 European countries. These countries agree to follow common laws so that their citizens can move and trade in EU countries almost the same as they do in their own. Nineteen of these countries also share the same type of money: the euro.
List of Countries
- Austria (EU)
- Belgium (EU)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Bulgaria (EU)
- Croatia (EU)
- Czech Republic (EU)
- Cyprus (EU) Geologically located in Europe and Asia
- Denmark (EU)
- Estonia (EU)
- Finland (EU)
- France (EU)
- Georgia Geologically located in Europe and Asia
- Germany (EU)
- Greece (EU)
- Hungary (EU)
- Iceland Geologically located in Europe and North America
- Ireland (EU)
- Italy (EU)
- Latvia (EU)
- Lithuania (EU)
- Luxembourg (EU)
- Malta (EU)
- Netherlands (EU)
- Poland (EU)
- Portugal (EU)
- North Macedonia
- Romania (EU)
- Russia Geologically located in Europe and Asia
- San Marino
- Slovakia (EU)
- Slovenia (EU)
- Spain (EU)
- Sweden (EU)
- Turkey Geologically located in Europe and Asia
- United Kingdom
- Vatican City
- "World Populations Prospects, the 2015 RevisionS". United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs - Population Division.
- "Andreas M. Kaplan: European Management and European Business Schools: Insights from the History of Business Schools, European Management Journal, 2014". https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2014.03.006.