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Republic of Malta
Repubblika ta' Malta (Maltese)
|Official languages||Maltese and English|
|Maltese Sign Language|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary republic|
|Legislature||House of Representatives|
from the United Kingdom
|21 September 1964|
|13 December 1974|
|316 km2 (122 sq mi) (186th)|
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
• 2011 census
|1,410/km2 (3,651.9/sq mi) (7th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2014)||▼ 27.7|
low · 15th
|HDI (2015)|| 0.856|
very high · 33rd
|Currency||Euro (€10000ll)[b] (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT|
Malta is a country in Europe. It is an island near the center of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. The capital of Malta is Valletta. Around 400,000 people live in Malta and it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Malta is 316 sq km, which makes it one of the smallest countries. Its many cities and towns grew close to each other over time.
Maltese is the national language of Malta. Maltese and English are the official languages in line with the constitution of the country. A majority of the people of Malta can speak three languages; Maltese, English and Italian.
Malta had its own currency, called the Maltese Lira until 2008. The Maltese Lira was better known as the Maltese Pound because of the strong links to the United Kingdom. One Maltese Lira consisted of 100 cents. In 2008 Malta joined the Euro countries in adopting the Euro as the National Currency.
Malta became well known as the base of the Knights Hospitaller. They moved to Malta after being forced to leave Palestine and then Rhodes, in Greece. In 1565 they survived a great attack by the Ottoman Empire. The history of the knights at Malta continued the strong Roman Catholic beliefs in the country that were started by the Norman and Spanish rulers.
In 1798, Napoleon took control of Malta. The French rule was not popular and in 1800 Maltese rebels invited the British Royal Navy to come to the island. This led to 200 years as a British colony and independent Commonwealth member.
- Zammit, Andre (1986). "Valletta and the system of human settlements in the Maltese Islands". Ekistics (Athens Center of Ekistics) 53 (316/317): 89–95.
- "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150621211549/https://secure2.gov.mt/localgovernment/file.aspx?f=7810.
- Census 2011. National Statistics Office, Malta
- "Malta". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=71&pr.y=7&sy=2017&ey=2022&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=181&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=.
- "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_di12. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
- "2016 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2016. http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/HDI. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
- Lesley, Anne Rose (15 April 2009). Frommer's Malta and Gozo Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 139. . https://books.google.com/books?id=Gr3g2SMGPZgC.
- "Malta". https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/malta/.
- Maltese Relocation and Travel Guide
- Malta travel guide and information Archived 2010-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
- Malta Wiki - Malta Popular Encyclopedia Archived 2020-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Malta holidays and hotels
- Malta travel guide
- Malta Travel Guide Archived 2009-09-09 at the Wayback Machine