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Republic of Malta

Repubblika ta' Malta  (Maltese)
Flag of Malta
Anthem: 
Location of  Malta  (Green circle)– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Malta  (Green circle)

– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

CapitalValletta
35°54′N 14°31′E / 35.900°N 14.517°E / 35.900; 14.517
Official languagesMaltese and English
Common languagesItalian
Maltese Sign Language
Demonym(s)Maltese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
George Vella
Robert Abela
• Speaker
Angelo Farrugia
Joseph Azzopardi
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Independence 
21 September 1964
• Republic
13 December 1974
Area
• Total
316[1] km2 (122 sq mi) (186th)
• Water (%)
0.001
Population
• 2014 estimate
445,426[2] (171st)
• 2011 census
416,055[3]
• Density
1,410[3]/km2 (3,651.9/sq mi) (7th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$18.404 billion[4]
• Per capita
$42,239[4]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$11.164 billion[4]
• Per capita
$25,623[4]
Gini (2014) 27.7[5]
low · 15th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.856[6]
very high · 33rd
CurrencyEuro (€10000ll)[b] (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+356
ISO 3166 codeMT
Internet TLD.mt[c]
Website
www.gov.mt
  1. ^  Maltese nationals as referred to in the 2011 census.[3]
  2. ^  Maltese lira before 2008.
  3. ^  Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Malta is a country in Europe. It is an island near the center of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. The capital of Malta is Valletta. Around 400,000 people live in Malta and it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Its many cities and towns grew close to each other over time.

Language

Maltese is the national language of Malta. Maltese and English are the official languages in line with the constitution of the country. A majority of the people of Malta can speak three languages; Maltese, English and Italian.

Money

Malta had its own currency, called the Maltese Lira until 2008. The Maltese Lira was better known as the Maltese Pound because of the strong links to the United Kingdom. One Maltese Lira consisted of 100 cents. In 2008 Malta joined the Euro countries in adopting the Euro as the National Currency.

History

People have lived in Malta since at least 5200 BC. The island has some key archaeological sites dating from early times.

Malta became well known as the base of the Knights Hospitaller. They moved to Malta after being forced to leave Palestine and then Rhodes, in Greece. In 1565 they survived a great attack by the Ottoman Empire. The history of the knights at Malta continued the strong Roman Catholic beliefs in the country that were started by the Norman and Spanish rulers.

In 1798, Napoleon took control of Malta. The French rule was not popular and in 1800 Maltese rebels invited the British Royal Navy to come to the island. This led to 200 years as a British colony and independent Commonwealth member.

During World War II, Malta was attacked this time by the Axis forces. The entire island was symbolically given the George Cross for heroism.

Malta became independent in 1964 and a republic in 1974. In 2004 Malta joined the European Union and in 2008 Malta joined the Euro.

Notes

  1. Zammit, Andre (1986). "Valletta and the system of human settlements in the Maltese Islands". Ekistics (Athens Center of Ekistics) 53 (316/317): 89–95. 
  2. "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150621211549/https://secure2.gov.mt/localgovernment/file.aspx?f=7810. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Census 2011. National Statistics Office, Malta
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Malta". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=71&pr.y=7&sy=2017&ey=2022&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=181&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. 
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_di12. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme. 2016. http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/HDI. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  7. Lesley, Anne Rose (15 April 2009). Frommer's Malta and Gozo Day by Day. John Wiley & Sons. p. 139. ISBN 0470746106 . https://books.google.com/books?id=Gr3g2SMGPZgC. 

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