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Kosovo physical map
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
Location of Kosovo within southeastern Europe
and largest city
Pristina (Prishtina or Priština)
42°40′N 21°10′E / 42.667°N 21.167°E / 42.667; 21.167
Official languages Albanian
Ethnic groups (2008) 92% Albanians
  8% Serbs,a Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkali and Balkan Egyptians[1]
Demonym Kosovar
 -  Total 10,908 km2
4,212 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) n/a
 -  2011 census 1,733,872[2]
 -  Density 159/km2
412/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $12.777 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $6,600–7,369[3][4]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $5.601 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $3,103
Currency Euro (); Serbian dinar (EUR; RSD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +381 (Serbia) for fixed lines; mobile phone providers in Kosovo use +377 (Monaco) or +386 (Slovenia)
a. Most Kosovo Serbs boycotted the 2011 Census; estimates vary between 6-8 % of overall population within Kosovo, and additional 200-300.000 abroad

Kosovo (Albanian: Kosovë or Kosova; Serbian: Косово, Kosovo) is a territory in the Balkans. Whether it should be considered a country is disputed mainly between the Kosovan authorities which supported independence and the Serbian authorities which opposed Kosovo breaking away from them.

It has been part of the lands of Dardani in the years BC, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ottoman Empires, then the Kingdom of Serbia, Italian Empire and Yugoslavia in the 20th century. After NATO bombed Yugoslavia in 1999, the territory came under the administration of the United Nations (UNMIK).

The Assembly of Kosovo declared indepedence in February 2008. This is disputed by Serbia and some other states. Serbia still sees the territory as Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (Serbian: Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохија / Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija).

To the north and east of Kosovo is the rest of Serbia. To the south of Kosovo is the Republic of Macedonia. To the west of Kosovo are the Albania and Montenegro. The capital is Prishtina. Prishtina is also Kosovo's largest city. About two million people live in Kosovo. A majority of them are of Albanian origin, but there are also Serbs living in the most northern part of Kosovo.

Related pages



  • Dušan T. Bataković, The Kosovo Chronicles, Plato Books, Belgrade 1992.
  • R. Petrović, M. Blagojević, The Migration of the Serbs and Montenegrins from Kosovo and Metohija, SASA, Belgrade 1992,
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. La spirale de la haine, L'Age d'Homme, Lausanne 1998.
  • Kosovo-Kosova. Confrontation or Coexistence, Nijmegen: University of Nijmegen & Political Cultural Centre 042 1996.
  • Kosovo. Avoiding Another Balkan War,Thanos Veremis & Evangelos Kofos, (eds.), Athens:Eliamep & University of Athens, 1998.
  • Kosovo. Contending Voices on Balkan Interventions, William Joseph Buckley, ed.,William B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, Michigan & Cambridge U. K 2000
  • Kosovo and Metohija. Living in the Enclave, D. T. Bataković (ed.), Institute for Balkan Studies, Belgrade 2007, 314 p. ISBN 978-86-7179-052-9
  • Jean-Arnault Dérens, Kosovo. Année zéro, préface de Marek Antoni Nowick,i Paris: Paris-Méditerranée, 2004.
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Kosovo. Un conflit sans fin? Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme 2008. 322 p. ISBN 978-2-8251-3875-5
  • Dušan T. Bataković, Serbia's Kosovo Drama. A Historical Perspective, Belgrade: Čigoja Štampa, 2012, 369 p. ISBN 978-86-7558-903-7