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Serbian language




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Serbian
српски
Pronunciation[sr̩̂pskiː]
Native toSerbia and neighboring regions
Native speakers12 million[1]  (date missing)[2]
Language family
Writing systemCyrillic (Serbian alphabet)
Latin (Gaj's alphabet)
Serbian Braille
Official status
Official language in Serbia
Recognised minority language in Croatia
 Hungary[4]
Flag of Montenegro.svg
 Slovakia[5]
 Czech Republic[6]
Flag of North Macedonia.svg[7]
 Romania
Regulated byBoard for Standardization of the Serbian Language
Language codes
ISO 639-1sr
ISO 639-2srp
ISO 639-3srp
Linguaspherepart of 53-AAA-g
Map of Serbian language - official or recognized.PNG
     Countries where Serbian is an official language.      Countries where it is recognized as a minority language.

Serbian is South Slavic language spoken by Serbs, primarily in Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro and some parts of neighboring countries. It is also spoken by many Serbs in diaspora, mainly in Central European countries, North America and Australia. The language is European and south Slavic. This language got a complete makeover in the mid-1800s by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić; when it was modernized from the times of Middle Ages, when "Old Serbian" was still spoken. Total number of speakers worldwide today is estimated to be more than 12 million.

References

Media related to Serbian language at Wikimedia Commons

  1. Serbia, RTS, Radio televizija Srbije, Radio Television of. "Srpski jezik govori 12 miliona ljudi". http://www.rts.rs/page/stories/sr/story/125/drustvo/45760/srpski-jezik-govori-12-miliona-ljudi-.html. 
  2. Including, as of 2006, 6.62 million in Serbia sans Kosovo (88% of the population), 1.49 million in Bosnia (37.1%), 400,000 in Montenegro (60%), 133,000 in Kosovo, 45,000 in Croatia, and 36,000 in North Macedonia. Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd ed.
  3. "Browse by Language Family". https://www.ethnologue.com/browse/families. 
  4. "Ec.Europa.eu". http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/lang/languages/langmin/euromosaic/hu_de.pdf. 
  5. "B92.net". http://www.b92.net/eng/news/society-article.php?yyyy=2010&mm=02&dd=09&nav_id=65083. 
  6. "Minority Rights Group International : Czech Republic : Czech Republic Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=1834. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  7. "Minority Rights Group International : Macedonia : Macedonia Overview". Minorityrights.org. http://www.minorityrights.org/?lid=4021. Retrieved 2012-10-24.