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Republic of Croatia
Republika Hrvatska
Anthem: Lijepa naša domovino
Our beautiful homeland

File:Lijepa nasa domovino instrumental.ogg
Location of  Croatia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Croatia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
45°48′N 16°0′E / 45.8°N 16°E / 45.8; 16
Official languages Croatian
Ethnic groups (2001) 89.6% Croats,
4.5% Serbs,
5.9% others and unspecified
Demonym Croat, Croatian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Ivo Josipović
 -  Prime Minister Zoran Milanović
 -  Speaker of Parliament Boris Šprem
 -  Principality 9th century, independent c. 840 
 -  Kingdom 925 
 -  Union with Hungary 1102 
 -  Joined Habsburg Empire 1 January 1527 
 -  Independence of SHS from Austria–Hungary 29 October 1918 
 -  Co-founded Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Yugoslavia) 4 December 1918 
 -  Yugoslavia becomes Republic 29 November 1943 
 -  Decision on independence 25 June 1991 
 -  Declaration of independence 8 October 1991 
 -  Total 56,594 km2 (126th)
21,851 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.09
 -  2011 census 4,290,612[1]
 -  Density 75.8/km2
196.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $80.983 billion (75th)
 -  Per capita $18,338 (48th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $64.160 billion (65th)
 -  Per capita $14,529 (44th)
Gini (2008)29[2]
HDI (2011)0.796[3]
high · 46th
Currency Kuna (HRK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code 385
Internet TLD .hr

Croatia is a country in Southeastern Europe. Its capital city is Zagreb.

A map of Croatia

The Republic of Croatia is a small country between the Mediterranean Sea and Central Europe. It was one of the republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It became independent in 1991. It joined the European Union on 1 July 2013.


A very long time ago, in this territory lived Illyrian people and they were ruled by Rome. In the seventh century AD, northern Slavic people came to live in the Balkan peninsula. Austria-Hungary makes the Croatia free from Ottoman empire and was ruled in today's Croatia until 1918. In 1918 it became a part of Yugoslavia which was taken over in World War II. After a small war with Italy a fascist dictatorship formed the Independent State of Croatia in 1941. It was not independent for long. Like all other countries in Central Europe the Nazi Germany had strong influence (see also Jasenovac concentration camp).

In 1945, Croatia became a part of new, communist Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) which collapsed in 1991. Croatia is now independent for the second time.

Dalmatia is part of Croatia. Today Croatia is popular for tourists. The country's reliable economy makes it possible for Croatia to join the European Union on 1 July 2013.[4]


Croatia is one of the richest countries of the Balkan Peninsula and of the former Yugoslavia's countries. But Croatia had also the highest cost prices of the whole Central Europe. The average monthly salary/wages in Croatia standing on 739 euro or nearly $1000 USD.[5]

The retirement age for men is 65 years and for women 60 years.[6] The health care enjoys relative strong protection for the country's inhabitants.


The education is free and required until the child reaches the age of 15. Many choose to continue their studies in high school until the age of 18.[7]

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