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Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik
Flag of Estonia
Anthem: 
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinn
Official languages Estoniana
Ethnic groups
(2012[1])
69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
Demonym(s) Estonian
Government Parliamentary republic
• President
Toomas Hendrik Ilvesc
Taavi Rõivas
Ene Ergma (IRL)
(RE, IRL)
Independence from 
Area
• Total
45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.45%
Population
• 2010 estimate
1,340,194[2] (151st)
• 2012 census
1,294,236[3]
• Density
29/km2 (75.1/sq mi) (181st)

Estonia Listeni/ɨsˈtniə/ (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893.[8]

Estonia became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on 29 March 2004. It joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.

Estonia is east from the Baltic Sea and the northest of the Baltic States.

Hiiu CountyLääne CountySaare CountyHarju CountyLääne-Viru CountyIda-Viru CountyRapla CountyPärnu CountyJärva CountyViljandi CountyJõgeva CountyTartu CountyValga CountyPõlva CountyVõru CountyCounties of Estonia
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Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa.

Estonia has many forests, almost 50% of the land is covered with forests. Estonia has over 1,400 lakes and 1,500 islands.

International rankings

The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.

Index Rank Countries reviewed
Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012 1st 47
Index of Economic Freedom 2010 14th 157
Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007 5th 45
Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 3rd 179
State of World Liberty Index 1st 159
Human Development Index 2010[5] 34th 169
Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 29th 178
Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010 25th 133
Ease of Doing Business Index 2011 17th 158
State of The World's Children's Index 2012[9] 10th 165
State of The World's Women's Index 2012 18th 165
Legatum Prosperity Index 2011 33rd 110

According to speedtest.net Estonia has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world with an average download speed of 27.12 Mbit/s.[10]

Related pages

References

Other websites