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Estonian language

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eesti keel
Native to Estonia
Ethnicity Estonians
Native speakers (1.05 million cited 1989)
Language family
Writing system Latin (Estonian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in Flag of Estonia (bordered).svg
 European Union
Regulated by Institute of the Estonian Language / Eesti Keele Instituut, Emakeele Selts (semi-official)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 et
ISO 639-2 est
ISO 639-3 estinclusive code
Individual codes:
ekk – Standard Estonian
vro – Võro

The Estonian language (eesti keel) is a Finno-Ugric language. It is mainly spoken in Estonia. The Estonian language is similar to Finnish. Estonian is one of the national languages of Europe that is not an Indo-European language.

Estonian uses the Latin alphabet. It has many vowels, including Ö, Ä, Õ and Ü.

It has been influenced by and has got many words from German and Swedish. Estonian language also has different dialects.

Examples of Estonian words

Üks One
Kaks Two
Kolm Three
Jah Yes
Ei No
Mina/Ma I
Sina/Sa You (in singular)
Tema/Ta He/She
Meie/Me We
Teie/Te You (in plural)
Nemad/Nad They
Olen/Mina olen I am
Eesti Estonia
Maja House
Kodu Home
Tee Way