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Republic of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан Республикасы
Qazaqstan Respublïkası
Республика Казахстан
Respublika Kazakhstan
Kazakh Eli
Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным
(Meniñ Qazaqstanım (transcription))

File:Kazakhstan 2006.ogg

"My Kazakhstan"
51°10′N 71°25′E / 51.167°N 71.417°E / 51.167; 71.417
Largest city Almaty
Official languages Kazakh (1st official language)
Russian (2nd official language)
Ethnic groups (2009 census)
63.1% Kazakh
23.7% Russian
2.9% Uzbek
2.1% Ukrainian
1.4% Uyghur
1.3% Tatar
1.1% German
4.5% Other
Demonym Kazakhstani[2]
Government Presidential republic
 -  President Nursultan Nazarbayev
 -  Prime Minister Karim Massimov
Independence from the Soviet Union
 -  Kazakh Khanate 1465 
 -  Alash Autonomy December 13, 1917 
 -  Kazakh SSR December 5, 1936 
 -  Declared December 16, 1991 
 -  Finalized December 25, 1991 
 -  Total 2,724,900 km2 (9th)
1,052,085 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.7
 -  2011 estimate 16,600,000[1] (62nd)
 -  2009 census 16,004,800[1]
 -  Density 5.94/km2 (224th)
15.39/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $214.840 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $13,060[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $180.147 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $10,951[3]
Gini (2008)28.8[4]
HDI (2010)Increase 0.714[5]
high · 66th
Currency Tenge (Tenge symbol.svg) (KZT)
Time zone West/East (UTC+5/6)
Drives on the right
Calling code +7-6xx, +7-7xx
Internet TLD .kz
Map of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a country in the middle of Eurasia. Its official name is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world. Before the end of the Soviet Union, it was called "Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic". The president of the country since 1991 is called Nursultan Nazarbayev. Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. Almaty was the capital before 1998.

Russia leases (rents) the land for the Baykonur Cosmodrome (site of Russian spacecraft launches) from Kazakhstan.


Kazakhstan has no ocean shoreline, but borders the Caspian Sea, which boats can use to get to the neighboring countries. The Caspian Sea is an Endorheic basin without connections to the ocean.

Russia has the longest border with Kazakhstan. Other countries next to Kazakhstan are China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.


Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces. The provinces are divided into districts.

Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and are not in any province.[2] Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur cosmodrome until 2050.[2]

Each province is headed by an Akim (provincial governor) appointed by the president. Municipal Akims are appointed by province Akims. The Government of Kazakhstan moved its capital from Almaty to Astana on December 10, 1997.

Province Status Full Kazakh name Full Russian name standard time Population
Akmola province Ақмола облысы Акмолинская область UTC+06 735 232
Aktobe province Ақтөбе облысы Актюбинская область UTC+05 805 117
Almaty city(1) Алматы қаласы город Алматы UTC+06 1 494 590
Almaty Province province Алматы облысы Алматинская область UTC+06 1 977 324
Astana city(1) Астана қаласы город Астана UTC+06 804 474
Atyrau province Атырау облысы Атырауская область UTC+05 564 936
Baikonur city(2) Байқоңыр қаласы город Байконур UTC+06 38 970
East Kazakhstan province Шығыс Қазақстан облысы Восточно-Казахстанская область UTC+06 1 394 382
Karagandy province Қарағанды облысы Карагандинская область UTC+06 1 367 512
Kostanay province Қостанай облысы Костанайская область UTC+06 880 775
Kyzylorda province Қызылорда облысы Кызылординская область UTC+06 737 122
Mangystau province Маңғыстау облысы Мангыстауская область UTC+05 582 361
North Kazakhstan province Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы Северо-Казахстанская область UTC+06 576 748
Pavlodar province Павлодар облысы Павлодарская область UTC+06 752 057
South Kazakhstan province Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы Южно-Казахстанская область UTC+06 2 721 676
West Kazakhstan province Батыс Қазақстан облысы Западно-Казахстанская область UTC+05 622 333
Zhambyl province Жамбыл облысы Жамбылская область UTC+06 1 081 907


Population of Kazakhstan is 17 165 000. It takes the 62th place in the List of countries by population. Average density is almost 6 people/km2 ( List of countries by population density).

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