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|First settled||10th-9th century BC|
|• Akim (mayor)||Akhmetzhan Yesimov|
|• Total||324.8 km2 (125.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||500 - 1,700 m (1,640 - 5,577 ft)|
|• Density||3,776/km2 (9,780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BTT)|
050000 - 050063
Almaty (Kazakh: Алматы; formerly known as Alma-Ata (Алма-Ата), also Verniy, (Верный)) is the largest city in Kazakhstan. It has a population of 1,226,000 people (as of 2005). Eight percent of the population of the country live in Almaty. It was the capital of Kazakhstan from 1927 to 1998. Although it is not the capital today, Almaty is still the major commercial center of Kazakhstan.
The name "Almaty" comes from the Kazakh word for "apple" (алма). The name is often translated as a city "rich with apples". The older Soviet-era Russian name for the city, Alma-Ata, comes from a mistake (the name literally means "Grandfather of apples"). In the area around Almaty, there are many different species of the wild apples. The region is thought to be the ancestral home of the apple. A local species of apple, the wild Malus sieversii, may be the ancestor of the modern domestic apple.
On 4 February 1854 the Russian Empire decided to build a fort Verniy on the west bank of the Malaya Almatinka river. Later Russian settlers arrived. In 1922 the Soviet Union renamed the city to Alma-Ata. In 1927 Alma-Ata became the capital of the Kazakh SSR.
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- "С начала года население Алматы увеличилось на 1,4%" (in ru). http://www.gazeta.kz/art.asp?aid=64678. Retrieved 26 July 2007.