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Republic of Uzbekistan

O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Flag of Uzbekistan
Location of Uzbekistan
and largest city
Official languages Uzbek
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s) Uzbek
Government Unitary presidential state
• President
Islam Karimov
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Legislature Supreme Assembly
Legislative Chamber
Independence from the Soviet Union
• Formation
• Uzbek SSR
October 27, 1924
• Declared
September 1, 1991
• Recognized
December 8, 1991
• Completed
December 25, 1991
• Total
447,400 km2 (172,700 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
29,559,100[2] (45th)
• Density
61.4/km2 (159.0/sq mi) (136th)

Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent.

There are about 26,593,000 people living in Uzbekistan. The neighboring countries are Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. It is a doubly landlocked country, of which there are only two in the world.

Most people in Uzbekistan speak a language called Uzbek, a Turkic language similar to Uyghur and Turkish. In the Uzbek language, Uzbekistan is called "O‘zbekiston" and it means "the land of the true nobles".

Uzbekistan has a long history. Humans first lived in Uzbekistan from before the 2nd millenium BC.[5]

The president today is Islam Karimov.

Human rights in Uzbekistan are 'atrocious' according to Human Rights Watch


Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, one autonomous republic, and one independent city. The provinces are divided into districts.

Political Map of Uzbekistan
Division Capital City Area
Population (2008)[6] Key
Buxoro Viloyati Buxoro (Bukhara) 39,400 1,576,800 3
Jizzax Viloyati Jizzax 20,500 1,090,900 5
Navoiy Viloyati Navoiy 110,800 834,100 7
Qashqadaryo Viloyati Qarshi 28,400 2,537,600 8
Samarqand Viloyati Samarqand 16,400  3,032,000 9
Sirdaryo Viloyati Guliston 5,100 698,100 10
Surxondaryo Viloyati Termiz 20,800 2,012,600 11
Toshkent Viloyati Toshkent (Tashkent) 15,300  2,537,500 12
Toshkent Shahri Toshkent (Tashkent)  ??? 2,192,700 1
Fergana Valley Region
Farg'ona Viloyati Farg'ona (Fergana)  6,800 2,997,400 4
Andijon Viloyati Andijon 4,200 2,477,900 2
Namangan Viloyati Namangan 7,900 2,196,200 6
Karakalpakstan Region
Xorazm Viloyati Urganch 6,300  1,517,600 13
Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasi Nukus 160,000 1,612,300 14