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Republic of Uzbekistan

O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Flag of Uzbekistan
Location of Uzbekistan
and largest city
Official languagesUzbek
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential state
• President
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Abdulla Oripov
LegislatureSupreme Assembly
Legislative Chamber
Independence from the Soviet Union
• Formation
• Uzbek SSR
October 27, 1924
• Declared
September 1, 1991
• Recognized
December 8, 1991
• Completed
December 25, 1991
• Total
447,400 km2 (172,700 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
• 2012 estimate
29,559,100[2] (45th)
• Density
61.4/km2 (159.0/sq mi) (136th)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$103.212 billion.[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$51.979 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2000) 26.8
low · 95th
HDI (2010)Increase 0.617[4]
medium · 102nd
CurrencyUzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
Time zoneUTC+5 (UZT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+5 (not observed)
Driving sideright
Calling code+998
ISO 3166 codeUZ
  1. Official Uzbek statistics.[source?]
  2. As the Emirate of Bukhara, Kokand Khanate and Khwarezm.

Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent. There are about 32 million people living in Uzbekistan, now. The neighbouring countries are Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. It is a doubly landlocked country, of which there are only two in the world. Most people in Uzbekistan speak a language called Uzbek, a Turkic language similar to Uyghur and Turkish. In the Uzbek language, Uzbekistan is called "O‘zbekiston" and it means "the land of the true nobles". Uzbekistan has a long history. Humans first lived in Uzbekistan from before the 2nd millennium BC.[5] The current president today is Shavkat Mirziyoyev. Human rights in Uzbekistan are 'atrocious' according to Human Rights Watch

Islam is its largest religion.


Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, one autonomous republic, and one independent city. The provinces are divided into districts.

Political Map of Uzbekistan
Division Capital City Area
Population (2008)[6] Key
Buxoro Region Buxoro (Bukhara) 39,400 1,576,800 3
Jizzax Region Jizzax 20,500 1,090,900 5
Navoiy Region Navoiy 110,800 834,100 7
Qashqadaryo Region Qarshi 28,400 2,537,600 8
Samarqand Region Samarkand 16,400  3,032,000 9
Sirdaryo Region Guliston 5,100 698,100 10
Surxondaryo Region Termiz 20,800 2,012,600 11
Tashkent Region Toshkent (Tashkent) 15,300  2,537,500 12
Toshkent Shahri Toshkent (Tashkent)  ??? 2,192,700 1
Fergana Valley Region
Fergana Region Fergana  6,800 2,997,400 4
Andijan Region Andijan 4,200 2,477,900 2
Namangan Region Namangan 7,900 2,196,200 6
Karakalpakstan Region
Xorazm Region Urganch 6,300  1,517,600 13
Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasi Nukus 160,000 1,612,300 14


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