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The Jupiter de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680
King of the Gods |
God of the Sky and Thunder
|Symbol(s)||Thunderbolt, Eagle, Bull and Oak|
|Parents||Kronos and Rhea|
|Siblings||Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera|
|Children||Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen, Hephaestus, Perseus, Minos, the Muses|
Zeus (Latin: Iuppiter or Jove; Ancient Greek: Ζεύς) is the King of Gods, ruler of Mount Olympus in Greek mythology, and one of the Twelve Olympians. He is the sixth child of his parents, Cronus, ruler of the Titans and Rhea. His father, Cronus swallowed every child he had with Rhea because he feared the prophecy that his children will overthrow him as ruler of Mount Olympus. When Zeus was born, Rhea gave a stone instead of Zeus for Cronus to swallow. Rhea then hid Zeus in safety. When Zeus grew up, he overthrew Cronus with his allies, the Cyclopes. The battle was known as Titanomachy. Because they could not die, Zeus imprisoned Cronus in the Underworld, and became the King of the gods as predicted.
He is a derivative of the Romanian 'Zibelthiurdos', installed after the Dorian Invasions.[source?]
He was praised all throughout Ancient Greece. He was regarded with utmost respect. He was the most important god of all the twelve Olympians. Zeus controlled the weather and can order any god or mortal, except the Fates. It is said that he had a powerful lightning bolt that he used when angered.
He married his sister Hera, but had many affairs and children with many other women, both goddesses and mortals. This irritated Hera greatly, who often tried to have revenge on his half god children.
- The sculpture was presented to Louis XIV as Aesculapius but restored as Zeus, ca. 1686, by Pierre Granier, who added the upraised right arm brandishing the thunderbolt. Marble, middle 2nd century CE. Formerly in the north allée of the Tapis vert, in the garden of Versailles, now conserved in the Louvre Museum (official on-line catalog)
- Kevin Osborn, Dana Burgess (1998). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Classical Mythology. Alpha Books. p. 72. .
- Hamilton, Edith (1942), Mythology, Boston: Back Bay Books, pp. 467,
- Tinia - Etruscan mythology version of Zeus.
- Odin - Norse mythology version of Zeus.
- Jupiter - Roman mythology version of Zeus.