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State of Germany


Coat of arms
Berlin in Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′24″N 13°24′46″E / 52.5233°N 13.4127°E / 52.5233; 13.4127Coordinates: 52°31′24″N 13°24′46″E / 52.5233°N 13.4127°E / 52.5233; 13.4127
Country Germany
Capital Berlin
 • Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / CDU
 • Total 891 km2 (344 sq mi)
Population (30 November 2008)
 • Total 3,400,000
 • Density 3,820/km2 (9,880/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Berlin is the capital city of Germany. It is also the biggest city in Germany. About 3,400,000 people as of November 2008 live there. (In the year 1943 there were over 4,500,000 people).

The city is in the eastern part of Germany. It is about 70 km (43.50 mi) west of Poland. Berlin has an area of 891 km2 (344.02 sq mi). The rivers Havel, Dahme and Spree run through Berlin.

Berlin is home to many famous buildings and monuments, like the Siegessäule, the Brandenburger Tor, the Reichstag and the boulevard Unter den Linden. On the boulevard are the Humboldt University and the State Opera of Berlin. The Governing Mayor of the city is Klaus Wowereit (SPD).

Berlin was divided into West Berlin and East Berlin after World War II. After the Berlin Wall was built in 1961 very few people were allowed to cross from East Berlin into West Berlin. The wall divided the city until 1989 when the East German government (SED) decided to allow anyone to cross, and people decided to destroy the wall.

Boroughs of Berlin

map of the berlin boroughs

In 2001 the 23 boroughs of Berlin were changed into 12

  1. Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
  2. Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
  3. Lichtenberg-Hohenschönhausen
  4. Marzahn-Hellersdorf
  5. Mitte (Central)
  6. Neukölln
  7. Pankow
  8. Reinickendorf
  9. Spandau
  10. Steglitz-Zehlendorf
  11. Tempelhof-Schöneberg
  12. Treptow-Köpenick


History of Berlin

  • 1244 The first writings about a place called Berlin.
  • 1451 The Hohenzollern family moved to Berlin as the place to rule their country
  • 1618 – 48 After the Thirty Years' War in Germany, the number of people that lived in Berlin dropped to only 6000.
  • 1701 Berlin became capital of Prussia.
  • 1709 Berlin and its neighbor city Cölln (not Köln/Cologne) are combined to form the new Berlin.
  • 1806 The army of Napoleon Bonaparte moved into Berlin.
  • 1871 Berlin became capital of the German Empire.
  • 1920 The Old Berlin and some neighbour towns are combined into "Greater Berlin" (Groß-Berlin).
  • 1945 The town is divided into four sectors, used by the allies of World War II. There is a Soviet Sector, an American Sector, a British Sector and a French Sector.
  • 1949 After foundation of the two Germanies, the town is still divided. There is now West Berlin and East Berlin.
  • 1961 The Berlin Wall was built by the communist government of East Germany between the two halves of Berlin.
  • 1990 After German reunification, the Berlin Wall is torn down, and there is only one Berlin again. The new Berlin becomes the capital of one Germany.


Sister cities

Berlin has partnerships with 17 cities.[1] Each of the 12 boroughs also has their sister cities, sometimes called twin cities.

Other pages

Other websites


  1. "Berlin's international city relations". Der Regierende Bürgermeister von Berlin, Referat IV B. Retrieved 2007-11-09.