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The Bundestag has at least 598 members. Every 4 years the German people vote.
Each party gets seats, if they got at least 5% of the votes. Every voter has two votes, one for a person and one for a party. 299 members each represent a constituency, just as in the British House of Commons or the US House of Representatives. The other half are elected from a party list in each Land. The total number of seats a party gets depends on the number of the second "party votes" it gets.
But if a party wins more constituency seats than its share of the party votes then it keeps those seats. These extra seats, or extra mandates, are the reason the Bundestag sometimes has more than 598 members.
The Bundestag president is named Norbert Lammert. He oversees the sessions of the body.