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| German Empire |
Gott mit Uns
(German: "God with us”)
Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial)
Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria)
French (Lothringen region of Elsass-Lothringen)
|- 1871-1888||Wilhelm I|
|- 1888-1918||Wilhelm II|
|- 1871-1890||Otto von Bismarck|
|- 3 Oct-9 Nov 1918||Max von Baden|
|- Victory in the Franco-Prussian War||January 18, 1871|
|- Proclamation of the Weimar Republic||November 9, 1918|
|- 1910||540,766 km2 (208,791 sq mi)|
|- 1871 est.||41,058,792|
|- 1890 est.||49,428,470|
|- 1910 est.||64,925,993|
|Density||120.1 /km2 (311 /sq mi)|
The German Empire ("Deutsches Reich" or "Deutsches Kaiserreich" in the German language) is the name for a group of German countries from January 18, 1871 to November 9, 1918. This is from the day Wilhelm I of Prussia was made German Emperor to when the third Emperor Wilhelm II was removed from power at the end of the First World War. It was once called the "Second Reich".
The name of Germany was "Deutsches Reich" until 1945. "Reich" can mean many things, empire, kingdom, state, "richness" or "wealth".
At different times, there were three groups of smaller countries, each group was later called a "Reich" by some Germans. The first was the Holy Roman Empire. The second was the German Empire. The third was the Third Reich.
The words "Second Reich" were used for the German Empire by Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, a nationalist writer in the 1920s. He was trying to make a link with the earlier Holy Roman Empire which had once been very strong. Germany had lost a war and was in great difficulties and he wanted to start a "Third Reich" to unite the country. These words were later used by the Nazis to make themselves appear stronger.
States in the Empire
|Grand duchies (Großherzogtümer)|
|Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha)||Coburg|
|Reuss, junior line||Gera|
|Reuss, senior line||Greiz|
|Free Hanseatic cities (Freie Hansestädte)|
|Imperial territory (Reichsland)|