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Strasbourg

Strasbourg Railway Station at Night, Alsace, France - Diliff.jpg
Strasbourg Cathedral.jpgAbsolute ponts couverts 02.jpg
Strasbourg Palais Rohan depuis le quai des Bateliers.jpgAbsolute Petite France 02.jpgStraßburger Kaiserpalast (heute Palais du Rhin).jpg
Strasbourg-Hôtel Brion (2).jpgEuropean Parliament Strasbourg Hemicycle - Diliff.jpg
Strasbourg seen from Esca Tower in 2014.jpg
From top left: Central Station; Strasbourg Cathedral and the Old Town; Ponts Couverts; Palais Rohan; Petite France; Palais du Rhin; Hôtel Brion; Hemicycle of the European Parliament; Strasbourg skyline in 2014
Flag of Strasbourg
Coat of arms of Strasbourg
Administration
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Strasbourg
Canton 6 cantons
Intercommunality Strasbourg Eurométropole
Mayor Roland Ries (PS)
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 132–151 m (433–495 ft)
Land area1 78.26 km2 (30.22 sq mi)
Population2 276,170  (1 January 2014[1])
 - Ranking 7th in France
 - Density 3,529/km2 (9,140/sq mi)
Urban area 224 km2 (86 sq mi) (2013[2])
 - Population 456,759[3] (2013[2])
Metro area 1,351.5 km2 (521.8 sq mi) (2013[2])
 - Population 773,347[4] (2013[2])
Dialling code 0388, 0390, 0368
Website www.strasbourg.eu
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Strasbourg is a city in eastern France, the prefecture of Grand Est. Today, about 275,000 people live there (with around 780,000 in the metropolitan area). It lies on the left bank of the Rhine, opposite the German city of Kehl.

Strasbourg is the seat Council of Europe, of the European Court of Human Rights and of the European Parliament. A lot of people also consider Strasbourg to be the capital of the European Union.

History

Its old town, la Grande Île ("Grand Island") has been classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The city was founded in 12 BC by Drusus, the brother of Tiberius. Its Celtic name was Argentorate (which the Romans called Argentoratum). People think this name is linked to the river Ill (that flows into the Rhine near Strasbourg).

At that time, it was on the Limes, a fortification the Romans built across Europe (to keep out the Germanic tribes). There was a fortification (named castella drusi, drusus fort) at that spot. Soldiers need to live from something, so a local civilian settlement developed there. Later, the Limes was pushed farther east.

Climate

Strasbourg has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Education

References

This article is about a World Heritage Site