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|Admin. region||Dresden Region|
|Lord Mayor||Helma Orosz (CDU)|
|Area||328.8 km2 (127.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||113 m (371 ft)|
|Population||504,635 (31 December 2006)|
|- Density||1,535 /km2 (3,975 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||01001 - 01462|
Dresden is the capital of the Free State of Saxony. It is in the southeast of Germany, on the River Elbe near the border with the Czech Republic. It has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).
Dresden was already settled in the stone age, but the first written record of the city was in 1206, when Dresden began to develop as a royal residence.
Dresden was bombed a lot at the end of World War II. It was bombed by American and British bombers between 13 February and 15 February 1945. Most of the city's buildings were damaged beyond repair after the bombings. The city had to rebuild most of its buildings after the war.
In 2002 Dresden was flooded in Germany's so-called "century flooding".
Politics and cultural
Dresden is the political and cultural centre of Saxony. It is the seat of the governmental district of Dresden and of many universities. The number of inhabitants of the city exceeded 100,000 in about 1852.
Dresden has about 488,000 inhabitants (2005). Dresden forms the core of the densely populated area of the same name in Central Europe and is a traffic junction and an economic centre. Together with the population centres of Chemnitz, Zwickau and Leipzig, it forms the population centre known as the Metropolregion Saxonia triangle .
Dresden has got an international airport (Flughafen Dresden-Klotzsche) which has about 2 million passengers/year. This Airport has got daily flight connections to Frankfurt and Munich (Lufthansa), Moscow (Aeroflot), Cologne and Stuttgart (germanwings), Düsseldorf (germanwings) as well as to Zurich (InterSky), Hamburg (eurowings on behalf of germanwings) and London-City (CityJet). The biggest station is Dresden Hauptbahnhof (Dresden Main station) with an ICE (InterCityExpress) connection to Leipzig, Erfurt, Frankfurt and Wiesbaden. There's an EuroCity connection to Prague, Graz and Vienna just as an InterCity connection to Berlin and Hamburg. The metropolitan of Dresden has got four highwas:
- A13: Dresden - Berlin
- A14: Nossen (near Dresden) - Leipzig - Magdeburg (- Schwerin)
- A17: Dresden - Prague
- State Office for statistics of the Free State of Saxony. "Population of Saxon cities and communities (tentative)". http://www.statistik.sachsen.de/21/02_02/02_02_05v_tabelle.asp. Retrieved 2007-04-26.