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Coat of arms of Dresden
Dresden is located in Germany
Coordinates 51°2′0″N 13°44′0″E / 51.033333°N 13.733333°E / 51.033333; 13.733333
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden Region
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Helma Orosz (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 328.8 km2 (127.0 sq mi)
Elevation 113 m  (371 ft)
Population  504,635  (31 December 2006)[1]
 - Density 1,535 /km2 (3,975 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate DD
Postal codes 01001 - 01462
Area code 0351

Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany) is the capital of the Free State of Saxony.


Dresden was already settled in the Stoneage, but the first written record of the city was in 1206, when Dresden began to develop as a royal residence.

Politics and cultural

Dresden is the political and cultural centre of Saxony. It is the seat of the governmental district of Dresden and of many universities. The number of inhabitants of the city exceeded 100,000 in about 1852.

In 2002 Dresden was flooded in Germany's so-called "century flooding".

Dresden has about 488,000 inhabitants (2005). Dresden forms the core of the densely populated area of the same name in Central Europe and is a traffic junction and an economic centre. Together with the population centres of Chemnitz, Zwickau and Leipzig, it forms the population centre known as the Metropolregion Saxonia triangle .

Bombing of Dresden

Dresden was bombed a lot at the end of World War II. It was bombed by American and British bombers between 13 February and 15 February 1945. Most of the city's buildings were damaged beyond repair after the bombings. The city had to rebuild most of its buildings after the war.


Dresden has got an international airport (Flughafen Dresden-Klotzsche) which has about 2 million passengers/year. This Airport has got daily flight connections to Frankfurt and Munich (Lufthansa), Moscow (Aeroflot), Cologne and Stuttgart (germanwings), Dusseldorf (germanwings and Air Berlin) as well as to Zurich (InterSky and Etihad Regional), Hamburg (eurowings on behalf of germanwings), Zurich (Etihad Regional),Amsterdam (Etihad Regional too) and London-City (CityJet). The biggest station is Dresden Hauptbahnhof (Dresden Main station) with an ICE (InterCityExpress) connection to Leipzig, Erfurt, Frankfurt and Wiesbaden. There's an EuroCity connection to Prague, Graz and Vienna just as an InterCity connection to Berlin and Hamburg. The metropolitan of Dresden has got four highwas:

The S-Bahn network of Dresden

Dresden has got 3 S-Bahn (Metropolitan overground railway) lines and a big Tram network.


  1. State Office for statistics of the Free State of Saxony. "Population of Saxon cities and communities (tentative)". Retrieved 2007-04-26.