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|Mayor||Burkhard Jung (SPD)|
|Area||297.60 km2 (114.90 sq mi)|
|Population||510,651 (29 February 2008)|
|- Density||1,716 /km2 (4,444 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Its Latin name is Lipsia and the German name "Leipzig" came from this name. Leipzig has a long history. Its name was recorded first in 1015 as Leipzig Castle (Leipziger Burg). The city was settled in 1165. It was an economic center of Medieval Germany, famous with its market (Leipziger Messe).
In 1409, Leipzig University was started. Theology was its major faculty. In 1519, Martin Luther had a discussion in Leipzig against Johann Eck. Reformation came to Leipzig in 1539 and the city people became Lutheran.
In 1989, the Monday Demonstrations took place in Leipzig. Every monday after a Christian mess in the Nikolaikirche the Leipzig people demonstrate for freedom to travel and democracy. These demonstrations became bigger and bigger and reached their peak on October 23 when 320,000 people came. The demonstrations are one of the things that lead to the end of communist dictatorship in East Germany.
Before World War II, Leipzig was a famous center of commerce (Leipzig exhibition) and industry. Now, there are big companies in Leipzig like Porsche, BMW, Siemens and DHL, as well as the Leipzig Airport.
With almost 511,000 people, Leipzig city proper is the 12th biggest city in Germany and the 2nd biggest in what was East Germany (DDR), smaller than East Berlin and bigger than Dresden. Leipzig urban has 567,000 people. The total population of Leipzig metropolitan area is 1,389,000.
Leipzig has a university where famous people studied (e.g. Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Edvard Grieg, Erich Kästner, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Angela Merkel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Robert Schumann and Richard Wagner.) The Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) is the biggest terminal station in Europe. It sees about 150,000 passengers each day. It is 293 meters wide.
- Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, since 2004
- Birmingham, UK, since 1992
- Bologna, Italy, since 1962, renewed in 1997
- Brno, Czech Republic, since 1973, renewed in 1999
- Frankfurt am Main, Germany, since 1990
- Hanover, Germany, since 1987
- Houston, United States, since 1993
- Kiev, Ukraine, since 1961, renewed in 1992
- Lyon, France, since 1981</
- Nanjing, China, since 1988
- Plovdiv, Bulgaria, since 1975, renewed in 2007
- Thessaloniki, Greece, since 1984
- Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina, since 2003
- Herzliya, Israel, since 2010
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