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Birmingham




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Flag of BirminghamCoat of arms of Birmingham
Coat of arms
Etymology: Old English Beormingahām (home or settlement of the Beormingas)
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Birmingham shown within the West Midlands county
Birmingham shown within the West Midlands county
Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
RegionWest Midlands
Ceremonial county West Midlands
Historic county Warwickshire
Settlementc. 600
Seigneurial borough1166
Municipal borough1838
City status14 January 1889
Metropolitan borough1 April 1974
Administrative HQThe Council House,
Victoria Square
Government
 • TypeMetropolitan borough
 • BodyBirmingham City Council
 • LeadershipLeader and cabinet
 • Executive 
 • LeaderVacant (Deputy Leader Ian Ward, acting)
 • Lord MayorAnne Underwood
 • Chief Executive (Interim)Stella Manzie CBE
Area
 • City103.4 sq mi (267.8 km2)
 • Urban
231.2 sq mi (598.9 km2)
Area rank151st
Elevation
460 ft (140 m)
Population
 (2005 est.)
 • Rank[[List of English districts by population|]]
 • Urban
2,440,986 (3rd)
 • Metro
4,332,629 (List of metropolitan areas in Europe)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode
ISO 3166 codeGB-BIR
GSS codeE08000025
NUTS 3 codeUKG31
ONS code00CN
OS grid referenceSP066868
MotorwaysM6
M6 Toll
M5
M42
A38(M)
Ethnicity
(2011 Census) [1]
  • 57.9% White (53.1% White British)
  • 26.6% Asian
  • 8.9% Black
  • 4.4% Mixed Race
  • 2.0% Other
International airportsBirmingham (BHX)
Major railway stationsBirmingham New Street (A)
Birmingham Moor Street (B)
Birmingham Snow Hill (C1)
GDPUS$ 121.1 billion[2] (2nd)
– Per capitaUS$ 31,572[2]
Councillors120
MPs
Websitewww.birmingham.gov.uk

Birmingham (Listeni/ˈb[unsupported input]mɪŋəm/[3] bur-MING-əm) is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. It is the second-largest metropolitan area and city in the United Kingdom. About 1.1 million people live in Birmingham. Around 4.3 million people live in its metropolitan area.[4][5][6] Many people call it the "second city" of the United Kingdom..[7][8][9]

History

A Victorian building in Birmingham, faced with terracotta tiles

Birmingham began as a small town in 1166. Queen Victoria gave city status to Birmingham in 1889.

Many industries were developed in Birmingham during the 18th and 19th centuries. These included making weapons and food.

Birmingham manufacturing industry played a big role in the war effort in World War I and World War II. The WWII spitfire aeroplane was made in Birmingham. In 2000, a statue of stylised spitfires was erected next to the old factory site. The factory now makes Jaguar cars. Birmingham had a large car making industry. It has declined since the 1980s. It remains the home town for Jaguar and Land Rover cars.

In 1974, twenty-one people were killed in the Birmingham pub bombings.

Famous people from Birmingham

Famous pop and rock groups from Birmingham

References

  1. "2011 Census: Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales". ONS. Retrieved 25 December 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. https://www.webcitation.org/6H7Jql2A9?url=http://www.brookings.edu/research/interactives/global-metro-monitor-3. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  3. "Birmingham". Wordreference.com. http://www.wordreference.com/enit/birmingham. 
  4. "POPULATION OF BIRMINGHAM 2017 (UK)". Country Digest. https://countrydigest.org/population-of-birmingham/. Retrieved 2 October 2018. 
  5. "Population and Census". Birmingham City Council. 7 July 2014. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20151126101950/http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/cs/Satellite?c=Page&childpagename=Planning-and-Regeneration%2FPageLayout&cid=1223096353755&pagename=BCC%2FCommon%2FWrapper%2FWrapper. 
  6. "2011 Census: Population and household estimates fact file, unrounded estimates, local authorities in England and Wales (Excel sheet 708Kb)" (xls). Office for National Statistics. 24 September 2012. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/population-and-household-estimates-for-england-and-wales---unrounded-figures-for-the-data-published-16-july-2012/rft-1-2-ew-fact-file.xls. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  7. "England's second city: Birmingham". Britain Magazine. http://www.britain-magazine.com/carousel/birmingham-englands-second-city/. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  8. "Nation's 'second city', Birmingham, is UK's fastest growing regional tourist destination, according to figures". This is Money. http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/smallbusiness/article-3287741/Nation-s-second-city-Birmingham-UK-s-fastest-growing-regional-tourist-destination-according-figures.html. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  9. "An ode to Birmingham: how can the UK's second city fix its image problem?". The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/jul/12/ode-to-birmingham-britain-second-city. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 

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