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Birmingham, Alabama

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Birmingham, Alabama
City of Birmingham

Nickname(s): "The Magic City" or "Pittsburgh of the South"
Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 33°39′12″N 86°48′32″W / 33.65333°N 86.80889°W / 33.65333; -86.80889Coordinates: 33°39′12″N 86°48′32″W / 33.65333°N 86.80889°W / 33.65333; -86.80889
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Jefferson, Shelby
Incorporated December 19, 1871
 • Type Mayor - Council
 • Mayor William A. Bell
 • City 151.9 sq mi (393.5 km2)
 • Land 149.9 sq mi (388.3 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Elevation 614 ft (140 m)
Population (2006)
 • City 229,424
 • Density 1,510.0/sq mi (583.03/km2)
 • Metro 1,100,019
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 205

Birmingham is a city in the American state of Alabama. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama by population. The city has a population of about 230,000 people[1] and a metropolitan population of over 1 million. It has an area of about 152 square miles (394 km²) and an elevation of 614 feet (140 m).


Birmingham was founded in 1871. Three smaller towns came together to make one, which grew into a large town. It was named after Birmingham, England, a British industrial city. The Alabama city is famous for its iron ore, coal, and limestone, which are used in making steel.

Birmingham Sunday

Birmingham became famous around the world when a bomb exploded in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sunday September 15, 1963. Four young black girls were killed. A member of the Ku Klux Klan was charged for the bombing many years later. Richard Farina wrote a sad song called "Birmingham Sunday" in 1964 to the tune of "I Love A Lass".[2] It has been recorded by several singers, including Joan Baez.


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