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|City of Birmingham|
|Incorporated||December 19, 1871|
|• Type||Mayor - Council|
|• Mayor||William A. Bell|
|• City||151.9 sq mi (393.5 km2)|
|• Land||149.9 sq mi (388.3 km2)|
|• Water||2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)|
|Elevation||614 ft (140 m)|
|• Density||1,510.0/sq mi (583.03/km2)|
Birmingham is a city in the American state of Alabama. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama by population. The city has a population of about 230,000 people and a metropolitan population of over 1 million. It has an area of about 152 square miles (394 km²) and an elevation of 614 feet (140 m).
Birmingham was founded in 1871. Three smaller towns came together to make one, which grew into a large town. It was named after Birmingham, England, a British industrial city. The Alabama city is famous for its iron ore, coal, and limestone, which are used in making steel.
Birmingham became famous around the world when a bomb exploded in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sunday September 15, 1963. Four young black girls were killed. A member of the Ku Klux Klan was charged for the bombing many years later. Richard Farina wrote a sad song called "Birmingham Sunday" in 1964 to the tune of "I Love A Lass". It has been recorded by several singers, including Joan Baez.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-04-01.csv. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Helfert, Manfred. "History in Song, Birmingham Sunday". http://www.fortunecity.com/tinpan/parton/2/bham.html. Retrieved 2008-07-21.