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|City of Birmingham|
|Incorporated||December 19, 1871|
|• Type||Mayor - Council|
|• Mayor||Randall Woodfin|
|• City||151.9 sq mi (393.5 km2)|
|• Land||149.9 sq mi (388.3 km2)|
|• Water||2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)|
|Elevation||614 ft (140 m)|
|• Density||1,510.0/sq mi (583.03/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
Birmingham is the biggest city in the U.S. state of Alabama, with about 230,000 people living in it. It is the county seat of Jefferson County. Its metropolitan area has over 1 million people living in it. The city has an area of about 152 square miles (390 km2) and an elevation of 614 feet (187 m) above sea level.
Birmingham was founded in 1871. Three smaller towns came together to make one, which grew into a large town. It was named after Birmingham, England, a British industrial city. The Alabama city is famous for its iron ore, coal, and limestone, which are used in making steel.
Birmingham became famous around the world when a bomb exploded in the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church on Sunday September 15, 1963. Four young black girls were killed. A member of the Ku Klux Klan was charged for the bombing many years later. Richard Farina wrote a sad song called "Birmingham Sunday" in 1964 to the tune of "I Love A Lass". It has been recorded by several singers, including Joan Baez.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-06-28. https://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-04-01.csv. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Helfert, Manfred. "History in Song, Birmingham Sunday". http://www.fortunecity.com/tinpan/parton/2/bham.html. Retrieved 2008-07-21.