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Nanjing




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南京市
Location within China
Location within China
Coordinates: 32°03′N 118°46′E / 32.050°N 118.767°E / 32.050; 118.767Coordinates: 32°03′N 118°46′E / 32.050°N 118.767°E / 32.050; 118.767
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions13
Township divisions129
Settled495 BC
Government
 • CPC NanjingLuo Zhijun
Committee Secretary
 • MayorJiang Hongkun
Area
 • Total6,596 km2 (2,547 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (50 ft)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total6,126,165
 • Density928.8/km2 (2,406/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
210000 - 211300
License plate prefixes苏A
GDP (2007)US$45.2 billion (1.00US$=7.25Renminbi¥,Nov, 2007)
 - per capitaUS$7,442
WebsiteCity of Nanjing
City trees
Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara)
City flowers
Chinese plum (Prunus mume)

Nanjing is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province, and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. Nanjing was the capital of China during several historical periods, including the former capital city of Republic of China, and is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Nanjing is also one of the fifteen sub-provincial cities in the People's Republic of China's administrative structure. It has autonomy for jurisdiction and economy only slightly less than that of a province.

It lies in the downstream Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta. With an urban population of over five million, it is also the second largest commercial center in the East China region, behind only Shanghai.

Nanjing Area - Lower Yangtze Valley and Eastern China

Name

The Mandarin Chinese name of the city is Loudspeaker.png Nánjīng (info • help),[a] which means "The Southern Capital". It got this name when the Yongle Emperor of the Ming family of rulers moved most of his government to Beijing ("The Northern Capital") in the early 1400s. In Chinese, Nanjing's name is written 南京. Today, people spell it "Nanjing" because they use the pinyin way of spelling. Pinyin tries to show how the word should sound in Mandarin. People also used to write it "Nan-chang", using Mr. Wade and Mr. Giles's way of spelling, and "Nanking", using the Chinese Postal Map's way.

History

Political divisions

Nanjing Municipality is divided into 11 districts.

Attractions

Education

Sister cities

Nanjing currently has 18 sister cities (areas), namely:

Notes

  1. These marks show the tones of the Chinese word, which are important in saying them correctly.

Sources

Pages

Books

  • Jiang, Zanchu (1995). Nanjing shi hua. Nanjing: Nanjing chu ban she. ISBN 7-80614-159-6
      . 

Other websites

Preceded by
Beijing
Capital of China
1368-1420
Succeeded by
Beijing
Preceded by
Beijing
Capital of China
1928-1937
Succeeded by
Wuhan (wartime)
Preceded by
Chongqing
Capital of China
1945-1949
Succeeded by
Guangzhou
for the Republic of China
Succeeded by
Beijing
for the People's Republic of China



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