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Perth, Western Australia

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The skyline of Perth
Location of Perth within Australia
Coordinates: 31°52′48″S 115°52′58″E / 31.88°S 115.88278°E / -31.88; 115.88278Coordinates: 31°52′48″S 115°52′58″E / 31.88°S 115.88278°E / -31.88; 115.88278
State Western Australia
Founded 1829
 • Total 5,386 km2 (2,079 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,696,065
 • Density 280/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zone AWST (UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST) AWDT (UTC+9)

Perth is the capital city of the state of Western Australia. It is built on the banks of the Swan River. Almost 1.7 million people live in the city.[1] It is the fourth biggest city in Australia, behind Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Perth was founded in 1829 by Captain James Stirling. Perth is famous for its beautiful white, sandy beaches. Popular local beaches include Cottesloe and Scarborough. These beaches are ideal for swimming and bodysurfing. A popular local tourist attraction is Rottnest Island, which is populated by small native mammals called Quokkas.

Sister cities

Perth is a sister city with many other cities. Sister cities can share students and business contacts. Perth is a sister city to these cities:

Perth also has some other agreements with Perth, Perth and Kinross in Scotland and formerly Grenoble, France.[2]


Perth is home to four public and one private university. These are:[3]


Perth has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate. It is the windiest city in Australia.[4][5][6] It is also considered to be the third windiest city in the world. Perth is also the sunniest city in Australia.[7][8][9]

Famous people from Perth


  1. "Regional Population Growth, Australia 2008–2009". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2010.
  2. City of Perth: Sister Cities (accessed 2007-02-27)
  3. Western Australian Universities (accessed 2007-02-27)
  4. "Perth is Australia's windiest city | Did You Know That..?". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  5. "The Great Australian Weather Debate". 2008 [last update]. Retrieved August 31, 2011. "officially be call"
  6. "Did you know that...about Australia?". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
  7. "Western Australia Map and Information". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved September 1, 2011. "sun"
  8. "Weather in Perth". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
  9. "Perth in 60 Seconds | Mail Online". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
  10. "Belle Crome Company". The Daily News (Perth, WA : 1882 - 1950) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia): p. 4. 26 October 1906. Retrieved 26 November 2013.