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San Diego, California

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Flag of City of San Diego
Official seal of City of San Diego
Location of San Diego within San Diego County
Location of San Diego
within San Diego County
Coordinates: 32°42′54″N 117°9′45″W / 32.71500°N 117.16250°W / 32.71500; -117.16250Coordinates: 32°42′54″N 117°9′45″W / 32.71500°N 117.16250°W / 32.71500; -117.16250
Country United States of America
State California
CountyFlag of San Diego County, California.png San Diego
EstablishedJuly 16, 1769
IncorporatedMarch 27, 1850
 • TypeStrong mayor
 • BodySan Diego City Council
 • MayorTodd Gloria
 • City AttorneyJan Goldsmith[1]
 • City Council
 • City372.40 sq mi (964.51 km2)
 • Land325.19 sq mi (842.23 km2)
 • Water47.21 sq mi (122.27 km2)  12.68%
422 ft (129 m)
Highest elevation
1,591 ft (485 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
 (July 1, 2014)
 • City1,381,069
 • Rank1st in San Diego County
2nd in California
8th in the United States
 • Density4,003/sq mi (1,545.4/km2)
 • Urban
2,956,746 (15th)
 • Metro
3,095,313 (17th)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92101–92124, 92126–92132, 92134–92140, 92142, 92143, 92145, 92147, 92149–92155, 92158–92161, 92163, 92165–92179, 92182, 92186, 92187, 92190–92199
FIPS code06-66000
GNIS feature IDs1661377, 2411782

San Diego (/ˌsæn dˈɡ/) is the second largest city in the U.S. state of California and eighth largest in the United States. It is at the southwest corner of California, as well as the southwest corner of the continental United States. It was founded in 1769 and it is the oldest city in California. The mayor of San Diego as of 2020 is Todd Gloria[2]

It has comfortable weather most of the year. There are several military bases in and near San Diego. It has many beaches along the Pacific Ocean. The San Diego Zoo is very famous.

Skyline of San Diego.

San Diego is home to San Diego State University and the University of California, San Diego.

San Diego is on the international Mexico–United States Border. The city of Tijuana is just across the Mexican border.

San Diego is home to the San Diego Padres baseball team.

Substance Abuse Statistics in San Diego

Heroin, fentanyl, alcohol, and prescription drug addiction are common addiction types in San Diego. In 2017, there were 273 unintentional prescription-related deaths in San Diego County and 7,505 opioid-related visits to emergency rooms.[3] From 2016-2017 there was a 115% increase of fentanyl-related deaths in San Diego. In 2017, there were 357 alcohol-related deaths in San Diego County. Of those deaths, 127 also involved prescription drugs, 15 involved a combination of heroin and prescription drugs, and involved heroin. 15,952 adults were admitted into drug treatment centers in San Diego in 2017.[4][5] In 2016, an estimated 125 million opioid pills were sold in San Diego County, which equates to nearly 38 pills per person.