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Hamburg




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Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg
Flag of Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Flag
Coat of arms of Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Hamburg.svg
CountryGermany
Government
 • First MayorPeter Tschentscher (SPD)
 • Governing partiesSPD / The Greens
 • Votes in Bundesrat3 (of 69)
Area
 • City755 km2 (292 sq mi)
Population
 (30 September 2016)[1]
 • City1,822,445
 • Density2,413.8/km2 (6,252/sq mi)
 • Metro
5,107,429
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code(s)
20001–21149, 22001–22769
ISO 3166 codeDE-HH
Vehicle registration
  • HH (1906–1945; again since 1956)
  • MGH (1945)
  • H (1945–1947)
  • HG (1947)
  • BH (1948–1956)
GDP/ Nominal€ 111/$130 billion (2016) [2]
GDP per capita€ 62,000/$72,900[3] (2015)
NUTS RegionDE6
Websitehamburg.de

Hamburg or in full Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg), is a city in the north of Germany on the banks of the River Elbe, 18 km away from the North Sea. It is both a city and one of the States of Germany.

With a population of about 1.73 million (1730000) it is the biggest German city after Berlin and the sixth largest city of the European Union. The religion is about 37% Protestant, 10% Catholic, 8% Muslim, 38% agnostic, 2% Pagan.

Since it was an important member of the Hanseatic League, the city's official name still includes Hansestadt (Hanseatic city). Other German cities that do the same today are: Lübeck, Rostock, Wismar, Stralsund, Bremen, Greifswald and Demmin. The membership in this trade alliance has influenced the architecture of the city to a great extent. It has also left some marks in the region around the city. Strategic bombing in World War II devastated the city.

In 2017 a consulting company ranked it 17th for best place to live in the world.[4]

The area of Hamburg is 755.16 km2 (291.6 sq mi).[5] It has an oceanic climate (Cfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Economy

Hamburg's harbour is, by shipments, the second largest harbour in Europe (after Rotterdam) and among the ten largest in the world. It is a very important gate to the countries along the Baltic Sea and Eastern Europe.

There are about 120,000 businesses in Hamburg.[6] The company Airbus has an assembly plant for large civil aircraft in Hamburg. 30,000 people are employed in Hamburg's aircraft industries. There are only two other locations worldwide in this scale, Seattle in the United States and Toulouse in France.

About half of Germany's nationwide newspapers and magazines are made in Hamburg. Germany's most-viewed television news Tagesschau is broadcast from Hamburg.

Hamburg's red-light district (in Sankt Pauli) is the largest in Europe.

Hamburg Jungfernstieg in 1895
Hamburg 1800

Sister cities

Related pages

References




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