Marseille (Occitan: Marselha) is a city in the south of France in the Bouches-du-Rhône department. About 1.7 million people live in the metropolitan area, and about 850,000 in the city itself. This makes it the second largest city in France by number of people. Its commercial port is the biggest in France and one of the most important in the Mediterranean sea.

Marselha  (Occitan)

Motto: Actibus immensis urbs fulget massiliensis
"The city of Marseille shines from its great achievements"

Flag of Marseille
Coat of arms of Marseille
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Marseille
Canton 12 cantons
Intercommunality Aix-Marseille-Provence
Mayor Benoît Payan (PS)
(since 2020)
Land area1 240.62 km2 (92.90 sq mi)
Population2 855,393  (Jan. 2013[1])
 - Ranking 2nd after Paris
 - Density 3,555/km2 (9,210/sq mi)
Urban area 1,731.91 km2 (668.69 sq mi) (2010)
 - Population 1,578,484[2] (2014)
Metro area 3,173.51 km2 (1,225.30 sq mi) (2010)
 - Population 1,831,500[3] (Jan. 2011)
INSEE/Postal code 13055/ 13001-13016
Dialling code 0491 or 0496
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Apartment blocks in Marseille

Although part of the region of Provence, Marseilles has its own history. This city is the oldest in France and probably the most complex. The city was started around 600 BC by Greek sailors from Phocaea (modern day Foça, near İzmir). This was a Greek colony in Asia Minor that is in what is now Turkey.

Marseille has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).


See also Transport in Marseille

Marseille Media


  1. "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Commune Marseille (13055)". INSEE. Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  2. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2014 − Unité urbaine de Marseille - Aix-en-Provence (00759) - Insee". Archived from the original on 2018-01-27. Retrieved 2017-11-16.
  3. "Insee – Territoire – Métropole Aix-Marseille Provence : Un territoire fragmenté, des solidarités à construire". Archived from the original on 2016-06-18. Retrieved 2017-11-16.