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Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
State of the Confederation of the Rhine,
State of the German Confederation,
State of the North German Confederation,
State of the German Empire,
State of the Weimar Republic
Image missing
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Flag (1813 – 1897) Coat of arms
Weimars Volkslied
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach within the German Empire
Capital Weimar
Government Principality
Grand Duke
 - 180928 Charles Augustus
 - 190118 William Ernest
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Eisenach and Weimar
    in personal union
 - Merger of Saxe-Eisenach
    and Saxe-Weimar
1809 1809
 - Raised to grand duchy 1815
 - German Revolution 1918
 - Joined Thuringia 1920
 - 1905 3,617 km2 (1,397 sq mi)
 - 1905 est. 388,000 
     Density 107.3 /km2  (277.8 /sq mi)
Flag (1897 – 1920)

The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (German: Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 when the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach were formally joined into one state. The two duchies had shared the same ruler since 1741, which is when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. It became a Grand Duchy in 1815.

In 1877, the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach officially became the Grand Duchy of Saxony (German: Großherzogtum Sachsen), but this name was not often used. The Grand Duchy was abolished in 1918 with the other German monarchies, and the state joined others to form the new state of Thuringia in the Weimar Republic.

The Grand Dukes full title was Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Meißen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Lord of Blankenhayn, Neustadt and Tautenburg.

Rulers of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1809 – 1815

Grand Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1815 – 1918

Heads of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1918 – present

Other pages


  1. Carl August was born as the heir apparent to the Grand Duchy, so he was always known as Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August. Prince Michael was born after the Grand Duchy was abolished, and is called Prince Michael as he has never reigned as Grand Duke.

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