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Duchy of Saxe-Weimar
Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar
State of the Holy Roman Empire, then
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
Electorate of Saxony
1572–1809 Image missing
     Saxe-Weimar, shown within the other Ernestine duchies and showing      Saxe-Jena, which was joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690
Capital Weimar
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Division of Erfurt 1572
 - Partitioned to form
 - Partitioned to form
     Eisenach and Gotha
 - Partitioned to form Jena,
     Eisenach and Marksuhl
 - United with Saxe-Eisenach 1741
 - Merged to form
1809 1809

Saxe-Weimar (German: Sachsen-Weimar) was a duchy in Thuringia, Germany. The chief town and capital was Weimar.


Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha were the two original Ernestine Duchies. They both gradually shrank in size as land in Thuringia was divided among sons..

In 1741 Duke Ernest Augustus I of Saxe-Weimar inheritated the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach. Ernest Augustus II, who succeeded in 1748, died in 1758, and his young widow, Anna Amalia, became regent for her infant son, Charles Augustus. The regency of Anna Amalia and the reign of Charles Augustus were important in the history of Saxe-Weimar. Both intelligent patrons of literature and art, Anna Amalia and Charles Augustus attracted to their court the leading scholars in Germany, including Goethe, Schiller and Herder, and made Weimar an important cultural centre.

Charles Augustus joined Prussia in the wars against France. After France won the Battle of Jena, Saxe Weimar was forced to join the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. In 1809 Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been separate duchies with the same duke became one country as the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar

Merged with Saxe-Eisenach to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

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PD-icon.svg This article includes text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please add to the article as needed.
  • Saxe-Weimar, The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Columbia University Press (2001 – 2005), accessed December 22 2005

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