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|ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש yidish/idish/yidish|
|Pronunciation||[ˈjɪdɪʃ] or [ˈɪdɪʃ]|
|Native to||Central, Eastern, and Western Europe|
|Region||Israel, North America, other regions with Jewish populations|
|Native speakers||(1.5 million cited 1986–1991 + half undated)e18|
|Writing system||Hebrew alphabet (Yiddish orthography)|
|Recognised minority language in|
|Regulated by||no formal bodies;|
YIVO de facto
|ISO 639-3||yid – inclusive code|
ydd – Eastern Yiddish
yih – Western Yiddish
|Linguasphere||52-ACB-g = 52-ACB-ga (West) + 52-ACB-gb (East); totalling 11 varieties|
Yiddish is a language used by some Jews. At first, it was a dialect of German that Jews began to use in Europe about 1000 years ago. It was and still is used in the United States, especially in New York, and other countries that Jews have moved to.
Most of its words come from German, and Yiddish also has many words from Hebrew and Slavic languages, especially Polish, and some words from French, Hungarian and Latin. Yiddish usually uses the Hebrew script.
In the whole world, Yiddish is spoken by about 3 million people, mainly Hasidic Jews.
In the Netherlands and Sweden, Yiddish is protected by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
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|This language has its own Wikipedia project. See the Yiddish edition.|