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Budapest




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Aerial view with the Parliament in the foreground
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Coat of arms

Budapest is the capital and the largest city of Hungary. It was made as such in 1873. In that year three towns on the River Danube, namely Buda, Óbuda (Old Buda) and Pest were united. The city has a population of about 1.7 million people. Its highest place is János Hill (527 m.).

The history of the city started with Celtic tribes who settled here before 1 AD. Later Roman empire transformed the first settlements into the Roman town of Aquincum. The Hungarians arrived in the territory of modern Hungary only in the end of 9th century AD.

Budapest also became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,[1] a great power that dissolved in 1918 after World War I. The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.[2][3]

The main sights in Budapest are the Castle Hill (Várhegy), the Parliament House (Országház) and St. Stephen's Basilica. Budapest is also known for the ruins of Aquincum, the capital city of the Roman Province of Pannonia. The city has a great atmosphere with nice cafes, spas and the traditional Hungarian hospitality.

It has the oldest subway-line in Europe.[4]

Budapest has a humid subtropical climate with relatively cold winters and quite warm summers.[5]

Parliament. That side of the Danube the city is called Pest, which is pronounced as 'Pesht'

References

  1. Alexander Watson, Ring of Steel: Germany and Austria-Hungary at War, 1914–1918 (2014). pp 536–40.: In the capital cities of Vienna and Budapest, the leftist and liberal movements and opposition parties strengthened and supported the separatism of ethnic minorities.
  2. UN General Assembly Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary (1957) "Chapter II.C, para 58 (p. 20)". http://mek.oszk.hu/01200/01274/01274.pdf.  (1.47 MB)
  3. John Lukacs (1994). Budapest 1900: A historical portrait of a City and its culture. Grove Press. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-8021-3250-5 . 
  4. 10 Facts You May Not Know About Budapest
  5. Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L.; McMahon, T. A.. "World Map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification". The University of Melbourne. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koppen_World_Map_(retouched_version).png. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 

Other sources

  • Evans, R.J.W. Austria, Hungary, and the Habsburgs: Central Europe c.1683–1867 (2008) doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541621.001.0001 online
  • Herman, Arthur. What life was like: at Empire's end : Austro-Hungarian Empire 1848–1918 (Time Life, 2000); heavily illustrated.
  • Kann, Robert A. A History of the Habsburg Empire: 1526–1918 (U of California Press, 1974); highly detailed history; emphasis on ethnicity
  • Oakes, Elizabeth and Eric Roman. Austria-Hungary and the successor states: a reference guide from the Renaissance to the present (2003)
  • Katzenstein, Peter J. (1976). Disjoined partners: Austria and Germany since 1815. https://archive.org/details/disjoinedpartner00katz. 
  • Ungvary, Krisztian (2006). The Siege of Budapest: one hundred days in World War II. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-11985-5.
  • Molnar, Miklos (2001). A concise history of Hungary. Cambridge Concise Histories. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-66736-4

Other websites




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