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|District||Tel Aviv (Mehoz Tel Aviv)|
|Founded||11 April 1909|
|• Mayor||Ron Huldai|
|• City||51.4 km2 (19.8 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,469 km2 (567 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• City||451,523 (2,018)|
|• Density||8,468/km2 (21,930/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||2,286/km2 (5,920/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (Israel Standard Time (IST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (Israel Summer Time (IDT))|
|Website||tel-aviv.gov.il (in English)|
The city of Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב-יָפו; Arabic: تَلْ أَبِيبْ-يَافَا) is a municipality in Israel, often just called Tel Aviv. It is Israel's second largest city and main commercial, financial, and industrial center. It is on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea.
In 1909, Jewish people started building Tel Aviv northeast of Jaffa. Tel Aviv was part of Jaffa at first, but it became a separate town in 1921. Tel Aviv grew quickly as Jewish immigrants arrived, mainly from Europe.
In the early 1930s the area of the Yarkon River mouth has began to develop with the opening of the international trade fair - the "Orient Fair" and the opening of the "Tel Aviv Port" beside him. from the other side of the Yarkon River was built the Reading Power Station and the Sde Dov Airport.
It was Israel's first capital when the nation was established in 1948. The capital was moved to Jerusalem in 1949, but the Israeli Ministry of Defense and many foreign embassies stayed in Tel Aviv. Most Israeli government departments have offices in Tel Aviv.
In 1950, Tel Aviv and Jaffa (called Yafo in Hebrew) joined to into the city of Tel Aviv-Yafo. Tel Aviv-Yafo is the official name of the city, but it is almost always called Tel Aviv.
Tel Aviv continued to grow quickly in the 1950s and 1960s. The fast growth of the Tel Aviv area caused problems such as air pollution, slums, and traffic that took until the 2000s to fix. Most of the people of Tel Aviv live in apartment buildings.
During the Persian Gulf War of 1991, Iraq fired about 25 missiles toward Tel Aviv. Several missiles and falling debris struck residential areas in or around Tel Aviv. Two people were killed, and about 7,500 apartments were damaged.
The cultural center of Tel Aviv is a downtown intersection of streets at Dizengoff Circle. Fashionable shops and sidewalk cafes line the nearby streets. The 37-story Shalom Tower is in the city's financial district, several blocks south of Dizengoff Circle. It is the tallest building in Israel. The southwestern part of the city was once the separate town of Jaffa. Jaffa, an ancient port from Biblical times, has many historic place that have been restored by archaeologists. Jaffa also has many art galleries, cafes, restaurants, and nightclubs.
The Israeli opera, and Habima Theater, Israel's national theater, was are in Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv is home to a number of dance centers and companies. The Batsheva Dance Company, a contemporary dance group, as well as the Bat-Dor Dance Company and the Israel Ballet are headquartered in Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv's center for modern and classical dance is the Suzanne Dellal Center.
Museums in Tel Aviv include Haaretz Museum and the Tel Aviv Art Museum.
Tel Aviv University is one of the city's several institutions of higher learning. Bar Ilan University is in Ramat Gan, a suburb of the city.
Tel Aviv is the Gay capital of Israel.
The Tel Aviv area is Israel's main manufacturing district. About half of the nation's business companies are in the area. Their products include computer software, electronic equipment, machine tools, building materials, chemicals, clothing, and processed foods. The city is also the nation's main center for banking, publishing, and trade and the home of the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange. Abu Kabir Forensic Institute, the nation's only forensics institute, is located there.
international Trade Fair - Orient Fair, 1934 - The British Pavilion
Twin towns and sister cities
Tel Aviv has a partnership with Los Angeles (), and is twinned with:
- Essen, Germany (since 1992)
- Bonn, Germany (since 1980)
- Budapest, Hungary (since 1989)
- Warsaw, Poland (since 1992)
- Belgrade, Serbia (since 1990)
- Warsaw, Poland (since 1992)
- The population development in Tel Aviv. Israel Cnetral Bureau of Statistics. https://www.citypopulation.de/en/israel/admin/5__tel_aviv/. Retrieved 2019-12-17.
- "Message from the Mayor". City of Tel Aviv-Yafo. http://www.tel-aviv.gov.il/english/general/mayor/mayor.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
- "History and Architecture". Israel Opera. http://www.israel-opera.co.il/Eng/?CategoryID=220&ArticleID=146. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Tel Aviv Activities". iExplore.com. http://www.iexplore.com/cityguides/Israel/Tel+Aviv/Activities. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- The official Tel Aviv municipality website Archived 2004-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
- The official Tel Aviv municipality website (in Hebrew)
- The official Tel Aviv municipality website (in Arabic)
- The History of Tel Aviv (in Arabic)
- Tel Aviv official tourism website
- The Tel Aviv Foundation
- Tel Aviv beach guide Archived 2012-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Tel Aviv bus map