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Philadelphia



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Philadelphia
City
City of Philadelphia
Country United States
Commonwealth Pennsylvania
Settled October 27, 1682
Incorporated (city) October 25, 1701
There is also the movie Philadelphia (movie).

Philadelphia is a large city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is the biggest city in Pennsylvania, and the fifth biggest city in the United States of America. In spoken English, the city is sometimes called Philly.

The population of the city was 1,517,550 people in 2000, in 2010 census it was up to 1,526.006 people.[1] Philadelphia was the capital of the United States from 1790 to 1800. It was replaced by Washington, D.C. in 1800 after the White House was built.

Philadelphia is famous because it has many places tourists like to visit, like the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, and Christ Church.

History

Before Europeans came to the area, Philadelphia was home to the Lenape people. The first Europeans to come were the Dutch, who built towns and a fort in the area. The English took over the city in 1664. In 1781, King Charles of England gave a large piece of land to William Penn, to pay back some money he owed to Penn's father. William Penn had a dream of a land where people would be free to live and work no matter what religion they were. He built a city in the new land called Philadelphia. The name comes from the Greek, (Greek: Φιλαδέλφεια, /fi.la.ˈdɛl.fɛj.a/, "brotherly love", from philos "loving" and adelphos "brother"). People came to the new land from many other places where they were not free to go to their own churches. Other people came because they hoped to have a better life in a new country. A lot of people came from Germany and lived in a town near Philadelphia called Germantown. Germantown is now part of the city of Philadelphia.

Soon Philadelphia was the largest city in North America. The first library and the first hospital in the country were built in Philadelphia. Many ships sailed in and out of the city's port, and people came to the city to buy and sell all sorts of things.

By the 1770s, people in North American were getting tired of being ruled by the British. They had to pay taxes to the British King, but they couldn't vote in the British elections. A lot of them decided that they would be better off with their own government, and met to talk about how to make the change. In 1774, for the first time, a group of men met in Philadelphia to talk about making a new government without a king. The English were not happy about this and soon there was a war between the Americans and the English, called the American Revolutionary War. In 1776, the Americans once again met in Philadelphia and signed the Declaration of Independence, which said that all men were equal and had the same rights. It said that if people had a bad government they had a right to change it. On July 4th, they rang the Liberty Bell to call all the people of Philadelphia to come and hear the Declaration, and they sent copies of it to all of the other cities in America. Later, when the Americans won the war, a group of them came to Philadelphia to write the United States Constitution which states the most important laws of the United States.

One of the most famous people in Philadelphia at the time of the American Revolution was Benjamin Franklin. He started a newspaper and invented many things, such as bifocal glasses, that could be used to see things that were near and also things that were far away. He started a library that was free for everyone to use, and also a free hospital. He helped to write the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution. During the American Revolutionary War, he went to France to ask the French king to help the Americans win the war against the British. He was famous all over the world for his inventions and his ideas.

Geography

Philadelphia is in the state of Pennsylvania, named after William Penn. It is on the west bank of the Delaware River, across from New Jersey. Another big river, the Schuylkill, flows into the Delaware River at Philadelphia. The city has only a few small hills, and most of it is flat. The summers are usually hot in Philadelphia and the winters are cold.

Culture

Philadelphia has a large art museum, the Philadelphia Museum of Art. It also has some smaller museums of art, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, and the Barnes Foundation. The Franklin Institute is a science museum named after Benjamin Franklin. The Philadelphia Orchestra is famous for its concerts. Some famous jazz musicians, such as John Coltrane, came from Philadelphia.

Independence National Historic Park is in the oldest part of Philadelphia. Most of the buildings from the time when American was fighting for its freedom are there. Independence Hall is where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States were written. Nearby is a building where the Liberty Bell is kept. In the same neighborhood, there are many houses dating from the days of the American Revolution. Elfreth's Alley is one of the oldest streets in the United States. Christ Church is the church where many famous early Americans worshipped.

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