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Major League Soccer

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Major League Soccer
MLS crest logo RGB gradient.svg
Country United States and Canada
Confederation CONCACAF
Founded 1996
Level 1
Number of teams 26
Relegation to None
Domestic cup U.S. Open Cup
Canadian Championship
Current champions Supporters Shield: Los Angeles FC
MLS Cup: Seattle Sounders FC (2017)
Most successful club Cups: LA Galaxy (5)
Shields: D.C. United, LA Galaxy (4 each)
Website Official Site

Major League Soccer (MLS) is an American soccer league that started in 1996. As of the upcoming 2020 season, 26 teams will play in the league. Two more teams are planned to start play in 2021, and two others in 2022. The commissioner of the league (the person in charge) is Don Garber.

MLS, founded in the United States, is a fully professional league with 26 teams, three of which are based in Canada, and is the top soccer league in both countries. Referees are approved by the United States Soccer Federation and Canadian Soccer Association, which run the sport in the two countries. In turn, U.S. Soccer and the CSA are members of FIFA, which governs all play between national teams and sets the rules for the sport along with the national governing bodies of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.

MLS was formed in 1993 as a professional league, with play starting with 10 teams in 1996. The MLS regular season starts in late February and ends in November, with each team playing 34 games. The regular season is followed by a 14-team playoff tournament to decide the league champion.



Team City Stadium Founded Joined Conference Head Coach
Atlanta United FC Atlanta, Georgia Mercedes-Benz Stadium 2014 2017 Eastern Conference Argentina Gabriel Heinze
Austin FC Austin, Texas Austin FC stadium 2019 2021 Western Conference United States Josh Wolff
Colorado Rapids Commerce City, Colorado Dick's Sporting Goods Park 1995 1996 Western Conference United States Robin Fraser
Columbus Crew SC Columbus, Ohio Mapfre Stadium 1994 1996 Eastern Coference United States Caleb Porter
Chicago Fire FC Chicago, Illinois Soldier Field 1997 1998 Eastern Conference Switzerland Raphaël Wicky
D.C. United Washington, D.C. Audi Field 1994 1996 Eastern Conference Vacant
FC Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio Nippert Stadium 2018 2019 Eastern Conference Netherlands Jaap Stam
F.C. Dallas Frisco, Texas Toyota Stadium 1995 1996 Western Conference United States Luchi Gonzalez
Houston Dynamo Houston, Texas BBVA Stadium 2005 2006 Western Conference United States Tab Ramos
Inter Miami CF Fort Lauderdale, Florida Inter Miami CF Stadium 2018 2020 Eastern Conference Uruguay Diego Alonso
Los Angeles FC Los Angeles, California Banc of California Stadium 2014 2018 Western Conference United States Bob Bradley
Los Angeles Galaxy Carson, California Dignity Health Sports Park 1994 1996 Western Conference Vacant
Minnesota United FC Saint Paul, Minnesota Progress Energy Park 2015 2017 Western Conference England Adrian Heath
Montreal Impact Montreal, Quebec Saputo Stadium 2010 2012 Eastern Conference France Thierry Henry
Nashville SC Nashville, Tennessee Nissan Stadium 2017 2020 Eastern Conference England Gary Smith
New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium 1994 1996 Eastern Conference United States Bruce Arena
New York City F.C. New York City, New York Yankee Stadium 2013 2015 Eastern Conference Norway Ronny Deila
New York Red Bulls Harrison, New Jersey Red Bull Arena 1994 1996 Eastern Conference Austria Gerhard Struber
Orlando City SC Orlando, Florida Exploria Stadium 2013 2015 Eastern Conference Colombia Óscar Pareja
Philadelphia Union Chester, Pennsylvania Subaru Park 2008 2010 Eastern Conference United States Jim Curtin
Portland Timbers Portland, Oregon Providence Park 2009 2011 Western Conference Venezuela Giovanni Savarese
Real Salt Lake Sandy, Utah Rio Tinto Stadium 2004 2005 Western Conference United States Freddy Juarez
San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California Earthquakes Stadium 1994 1996 Western Conference Argentina Matías Almeyda
Seattle Sounders F.C. Seattle, Washington Lumen Field 2007 2009 Western Conference United States Brian Schmetzer
Sporting Kansas City Kansas City, Kansas Children's Mercy Park 1995 1996 Western Conference United States Peter Vermes
Toronto F.C. Toronto, Ontario BMO Field 2005 2007 Eastern Conference Vacant
Vancouver Whitecaps Vancouver, British Colombia BC Place 2009 2011 Western Conference Canada Marc Dos Santos

Former teams

Team City Last Stadium Founded Joined Left MLS Dissolved Conference
Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida Raymond James Stadium 1994 1996 2001 2002 Central Conference
Miami Fusion Fort Lauderdale, Florida Lockhart Stadium 1997 1998 2001 2002 Eastern Conference
Chivas USA Carson, California StubHub Center 2004 2005 2014 2014 Western Conference

Future teams

Team City Stadium Founded Planned to join Notes
Charlotte FC Charlotte, North Carolina Bank of America Stadium 2019 2022
Sacramento Republic FC Sacramento, California Railyards Stadium 2012 2023
St. Louis City SC St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis City SC stadium 2019 2023

MLS Cup Winners

Season Champions Runner-up
1996 D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy
1997 D.C. United Colorado Rapids
1998 Chicago Fire DC United
1999 D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy
2000 Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire
2001 San Jose Earthquakes Los Angeles Galaxy
2002 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2003 San Jose Earthquakes Chicago Fire
2004 D.C. United Kansas City Wizards
2005 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2006 Houston Dynamo New England Revolution
2007 Houston Dynamo New England Revolution
2008 Columbus Crew New York Red Bulls
2009 Real Salt Lake Los Angeles Galaxy
2010 Colorado Rapids FC Dallas
2011 Los Angeles Galaxy Houston Dynamo
2012 Los Angeles Galaxy Houston Dynamo
2013 Sporting Kansas City Real Salt Lake
2014 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2015 Portland Timbers Columbus Crew SC
2016 Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC
2017 Toronto FC Seattle Sounders FC
2018 Atlanta United FC Portland Timbers
2019 Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC
2020 Columbus Crew SC Seattle Sounders FC

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