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City of Atlanta
Flag of Atlanta, Georgia
Official seal of Atlanta, Georgia
City highlighted in Fulton County, location of Fulton County in the state of Georgia
City highlighted in Fulton County, location of Fulton County in the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.75500°N 84.39000°W / 33.75500; -84.39000Coordinates: 33°45′18″N 84°23′24″W / 33.75500°N 84.39000°W / 33.75500; -84.39000
Country United States of America
StateGeorgia (U.S. state) Georgia
CountiesFulton, DeKalb
City of AtlantaDecember 29, 1847
 • MayorKeisha Lance Bottoms (D)
 • BodyAtlanta City Council
 • City134.0 sq mi (347.1 km2)
 • Land133.2 sq mi (344.9 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Urban
1,963 sq mi (5,080 km2)
 • Metro
8,376 sq mi (21,690 km2)
738 to 1,050 ft (225 to 320 m)
 • City420,003
 • Estimate 
 • Density3,360/sq mi (1,299/km2)
 • Urban
 • Urban density2,540/sq mi (979/km2)
 • Metro
5,710,795[6] (9th)
 • Metro density660/sq mi (255/km2)
 • CSA
6,365,108[7] (11th)
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
30060, 30301-30322, 30324-30334, 30336-30350, 30340, 30353, 30363
FIPS code13-04000[9]
GNIS feature ID0351615[10]

Atlanta is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Georgia. It is one of the South's largest cities. Atlanta is known as a major business city. It is the home of Coca-Cola Company, CNN, AT&T, and Home Depot, as well as many other Fortune 500 companies. Coca-Cola, which is made in Atlanta, is drunk all over the world and its factory is a favorite tourist destination. CNN is also a big tourist attraction. Atlanta's airport, called Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, is the busiest airport in the world. Atlanta is near the center of Georgia and is on the Chattahoochee River.

Atlanta has a high crime rate and murder rate. The city has a large African American population. Atlanta is considered a black mecca for African Americans.

Atlanta has a high HIV rate. Atlanta is a black LGBT mecca.


Atlanta was built on Cherokee Native American land. It was called Terminus until 1843, when the name was changed to Marthasville. In 1845 the name was changed again to Atlanta.

During the American Civil War, Atlanta was where several battles happened. Some of the battles were the Battle of Peachtree Creek, the Battle of Atlanta, and the Battle of Ezra Church. The city was burnt down and almost entirely destroyed. After the war, the city was built again, and got a nickname because it was built so fast: "the Phoenix City", after the bird which burns itself then rises from the ashes in old myths. A picture of the bird is on the city seal.

Atlanta became the state capital in 1868.

There have been racial problems in Atlanta. During riots in 1906, at least 12 people died and more than 70 other people were hurt. In 1913, a Jewish man named Leo Frank was tried in court for raping and killing a girl in a factory where he worked. He was found guilty, but then the government decided not to execute him because not everyone was convinced he had done it. This upset people who thought he had killed the girl, and there were more riots in 1915 and Frank was lynched (hanged with a rope until he died).

In the 1930s, the Great Depression came to Atlanta. Many people did not have jobs and were hungry. The city government was almost out of money and the Coca-Cola company gave the city some money to help. In 1935, the government built the first federal housing project in the United States.

Atlanta's airport is named Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. It is the busiest airport in the world. Delta Air Lines is an airline that has its main office in Atlanta, and it uses Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport for many of its flights.

Turner Broadcasting, which broadcasts CNN, has their main office in Atlanta. The Coca Cola Company also has their main office in Atlanta.

Atlanta is rich in African American history and hip-hop culture.

Famous rappers from Atlanta are Gucci Mane, Jeezy, Ludacris, Lil Yachty and 2 Chainz.


The City of Atlanta is home to two colleges. Georgia Institute of Technology, or Georgia Tech for short, and Georgia State University.


Year Notes
1996 The Olympic Games took place in Atlanta.
2000 The census records Atlanta's population as 416,474 people.



  1. ""Atlanta May No Longer Be the City in a Forest", WSB-TV". Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  2. "The service, dubbed the Atlanta Tourist Loop as a play on the city's 'ATL' nickname, will start April 29 downtown." "Buses to link tourist favorites" The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
  3. "Because we're the only city easily identified by just one letter". Creative Loafing. November 23, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  4. ""Love it or loathe it, the city's nickname is accurate for the summer", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 16, 2008". Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  5. "Our Quiz Column". Sunny South: 5. 
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2015 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2016. 
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2015 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2016. 
  8. The term "Atlantans" is widely used by both local media and national media.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  10. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.