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Georgia (U.S. state)



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State of Georgia
Flag of GeorgiaOfficial seal of Georgia
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Anthem: "Georgia on My Mind"
Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted
Map of the United States with Georgia highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Georgia
Admitted to the UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Atlanta
Largest metroAtlanta
Government
 • GovernorBrian Kemp (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorGeoff Duncan (R)
LegislatureGeorgia General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation8 Republicans
6 Democrats
(list)
Area
 • Total59,425 sq mi (153,909 km2)
 • Land57,906 sq mi (149,976 km2)
 • Water1,519 sq mi (3,933 km2)  2.6%
Area rank24th
Elevation
600 ft (180 m)
Highest elevation4,784 ft (1,458 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[1])
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,711,908[3]
 • Rank8th
 • Density185.2/sq mi (71.5/km2)
 • Density rank18th
 • Median household income
$56,183[4]
 • Income rank
33rd
Language
 • Official languageEnglish
 • Spoken languageEnglish
Spanish (7.42%)
Other (2.82%)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
GA
ISO 3166 codeUS-GA
Trad. abbreviationGa.
Latitude30.356–34.985° N
Longitude80.840–85.605° W
Websitewww.georgia.gov
Georgia State symbols
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg
The Flag of Georgia.

Seal of Georgia.svg
The Seal of Georgia.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Brown Thrasher
Fish Largemouth Bass
Flower(s) Cherokee Rose
Insect Honeybee
Mammal(s) North Atlantic right whale
Reptile Gopher tortoise
Tree Southern Live Oak

Inanimate insignia
Food Grits, Peach
Fossil Shark tooth
Gemstone Quartz

Route marker(s)
[[File:|125px|Georgia Route Marker]]

State Quarter
[[File:|125px|Quarter of Georgia]]
Released in

Lists of United States state insignia

Georgia is a state in the southeastern part of the United States. It is bordered by Florida to the south, Alabama to the west, Tennessee and North Carolina to the north, and South Carolina to the east. All of Georgia's coastline is on the Atlantic Ocean. The ocean borders Georgia to the southeast.

Georgia was established in 1732 and became a state in 1788. It was the last of the original 13 colonies and eventually joined in the growing rebellion against Britain. Georgia was named after George II of Great Britain.

Spanish people explored Georgia in 1540. Native Americans were killed and enslaved during Spanish exploration in Georgia.[5] African American slaves were sent to Georgia for slave labor.

The 5 Regions of Georgia

There are 5 regional habitats of Georgia. They are the Georgia mountains, Okeefenokee marsh/swamp area, the Georgia coastal region, the Georgia Piedmont, and Atlantic Coastal region .

Cities in Georgia

The capital and largest city in Georgia is Atlanta. The 1996 Olympic Games took place there, and the book and movie Gone with the Wind was set in and around Atlanta in the 1860s. Other big cities in the state include Augusta, Columbus, Savannah, and Macon. Georgia has a total of 159 counties.

Notes

Related pages

References