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|State of South Carolina|
|Nickname(s): The Palmetto State|
|Motto(s): Dum spiro spero; Animis opibusque parati|
34,726 sq mi |
|- Width||200 miles (320 km)|
|- Length||260 miles (420 km)|
|- % water||6|
|- Latitude||32°4'30"N to 35°12'N|
|- Longitude||78°0'30"W to 83°20'W|
|Number of people||Ranked 24th|
153.9/sq mi (55.8/km2)|
|Height above sea level|
|- Highest point||
3,560 ft (1,085 m)
|- Average||350 ft (110 m)|
|- Lowest point||
|Became part of the U.S.||May 23, 1788 (8th)|
|Governor||Nikki Haley (R)|
Lindsey Graham (R)|
Jim DeMint (R)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
South Carolina is a state in the southeast United States. Its capital and largest city is Columbia. The population of the state is about 4.2 million people, ranked 24th in the United States. The state is relatively small in land area, ranked 40th largest.
Major landforms include beaches, "barrier islands", salt marsh, sand hills, rolling piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of its natural beauty, the state attracts many tourists, especially to Myrtle Beach, Charleston, and Hilton Head Island.
South Carolina became a state in 1788. The economy was agriculture-based, known for cotton, rice, indigo, and tobacco. After the American Civil War, the state lost much of its political and economic power. Towards the end of the 20th century, the state began to strengthen its economy and add population. Today, the major industries are tourism, textiles (clothing materials), and manufacturing. South Carolina has the second highest number of workers employed by international companies per capita in the United States.
- "Resident Population Data - 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. 2011 [last update]. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-dens-text.php. Retrieved February 19, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved 2006-11-7.