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South Carolina

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State of South Carolina
Flag of South Carolina State seal of South Carolina
Flag of South Carolina Seal
Nickname(s): The Palmetto State
Motto(s): Dum spiro spero; Animis opibusque parati
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
Official language English
Capital Charleston (1670-1789)
Columbia (1790-present)
Largest city Columbia
Largest metro Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson
Area Ranked 40th
 - Total 34,726 sq mi
(82,965 km2)
 - Width 200 miles (320 km)
 - Length 260 miles (420 km)
 - % water 6
 - Latitude 32°4'30"N to 35°12'N
 - Longitude 78°0'30"W to 83°20'W
Number of people Ranked 24th
 - Total 4,625,364[1]
 - Density 153.9/sq mi  (55.8/km2)
Ranked 22nd
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Sassafras Mountain[2]
3,560 ft (1,085 m)
 - Average 350 ft  (110 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[2]
sea level
Became part of the U.S. May 23, 1788 (8th)
Governor Nikki Haley (R)
U.S. Senators Lindsey Graham (R)
Jim DeMint (R)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations SC, US-SC

South Carolina is a state in the southeast United States. Its capital and largest city is Columbia. The population of the state is about 4.2 million people, ranked 24th in the United States. The state is relatively small in land area, ranked 40th largest.

Other important cities in South Carolina are Charleston, Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson, Sumter, and Florence.

Major landforms include beaches, "barrier islands", salt marsh, sand hills, rolling piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of its natural beauty, the state attracts many tourists, especially to Myrtle Beach, Charleston, and Hilton Head Island.

South Carolina became a state in 1788. The economy was agriculture-based, known for cotton, rice, indigo, and tobacco. After the American Civil War, the state lost much of its political and economic power. Towards the end of the 20th century, the state began to strengthen its economy and add population. Today, the major industries are tourism, textiles (clothing materials), and manufacturing. South Carolina has the second highest number of workers employed by international companies per capita in the United States.

South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.

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