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South Carolina

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State of South Carolina
Flag of South CarolinaOfficial seal of South Carolina
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Anthem: "Carolina";
"South Carolina On My Mind"
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
Map of the United States with South Carolina highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of South Carolina
Admitted to the UnionMay 23, 1788 (8th)
Largest cityCharleston[1]
Largest metroGreenville
 • GovernorHenry McMaster (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorPamela Evette (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsLindsey Graham (R)
Tim Scott (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Republicans
2 Democrats (list)
 • Total32,020[2] sq mi (82,932 km2)
 • Land30,109 sq mi (77,982 km2)
 • Water1,911 sq mi (4,949 km2)  6%
Area rank40th
350 ft (110 m)
Highest elevation3,560 ft (1,085 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[3])
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total5,148,714
 • Rank23rd
 • Density157/sq mi (60.6/km2)
 • Density rank19th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Text' not found.
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-SC
Trad. abbreviationS.C.
Latitude32°2′ N to 35°13′ N
Longitude78°32′ W to 83°21′ W
South Carolina State symbols
Flag of South Carolina.svg
The Flag of South Carolina.

Seal of South Carolina.svg
The Seal of South Carolina.

Animate insignia
Amphibian Salamander
Bird(s) Carolina wren
Butterfly Eastern tiger swallowtail
Fish Striped bass
Flower(s) Yellow jessamine
Insect Carolina Mantis
Mammal(s) White-tailed deer
Reptile Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Tree Sabal palmetto

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Carolina shag
Fossil Columbian mammoth
Mammuthus columbi
Mineral Amethyst
Shell Lettered olive

Route marker(s)
South Carolina Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of South Carolina
Released in 2000

Lists of United States state insignia

South Carolina is a state in the southeast United States. Its capital city is Columbia and the largest city is Charleston. The population of the state is about 5.2 million people, ranked 23rd in the United States. South Carolina's 32,030 square miles make it the 40th largest state.

Other important cities in South Carolina are Columbia, Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson, Sumter, and Florence.

Major landforms include beaches, "barrier islands", salt marsh, sandhills*, rolling piedmont, and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Because of its natural beauty, the state attracts many tourists, especially to Myrtle Beach, Charleston, and Hilton Head Island. (*Note historical and factual information has been removed from the Wikipedia Sandhills (Carolina) page to hide the prior ancient climate change evidence of icebergs melting and oceans rising causing these sandhills. Beware who hides facts & allows facts to be hidden.) South Carolina became a state in 1788. The economy was agriculture-based, known for cotton, rice, indigo, and tobacco by African American slaves. After the American Civil War, the state lost much of its political and economic power. Towards the end of the 20th century, the state began to strengthen its economy and add population. Today, the major industries are tourism, textiles (clothing materials), golf, and manufacturing. South Carolina has the second highest number of workers employed by international companies per capita in the United States.

South Carolina is bounded to the north by North Carolina, to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean.


Before the Civil War (and after it, methinks), South Carolina grew a lot of rice. African slaves worked on slave plantations in the state.

Participation In The Civil War & 1876-1966 Segregation

The Civil War

South Carolina became the first of eleven states to secede from the union, on December 20, 1860, to protest the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln. It joined the Confederacy. The first battle of the Civil War took place at Fort Sumter, in Charleston.

1876-1966 Segregation & Democratic Dominance

After the Civil War, African-Americans in South Carolina got to vote for some time, but soon black codes were enacted, and white-supremacist groups like the KKK were reborn, restricting African-Americans from voting. South Carolina thus became a Democratic stronghold. In fact, in 1904, Republican Theodore Roosevelt, who was running for president, won less than 5% of the vote in the state. The Democratic candidate won over 95% of the vote. This cult of fear disabled most African-Americans in South Carolina from voting till 1965, when President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.

Confederate Flag

For a long time, South Carolina had the Confederate flag hanging over its capital. This is no longer the case.

Did You Know?? Q & A

South Carolina was the first state to do what?

Secede from the Union.

Which US president was born in South Carolina?

Andrew Jackson. Jackson was born in the Waxhaws.

Related pages