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City of Los Angeles
Flag of Los Angeles, California
Flag
Official seal of Los Angeles, California
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Los Angeles is located in California<div style="position: absolute; z-index: 2; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: 1185.7%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Los Angeles
Location within California##Location within the United States##Location within North America
Coordinates: Coordinates: 34°03′00″N 118°15′00″W / 34.05°N 118.25°W / 34.05; -118.25
Country  United States
State  California
County Los Angeles County
Settled 1781
Incorporated April 4, 1850
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Eric Garcetti
 • City Council President Herb Wesson
 • City Attorney Carmen Trutanich
 • City Controller Wendy Greuel
Area
 • City 1,290.6 km2 (498.3 sq mi)
 • Land 1,214.9 km2 (469.1 sq mi)
 • Water 75.7 km2 (29.2 sq mi)  5.8%
 • Urban
4,319.9 km2 (1,667.9 sq mi)
Elevation
0–1,548 m (0–5,079 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • City 3,849,378
 • Density 3,168/km2 (8,205/sq mi)
 • Metro
12,950,119

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles (also called L.A.), is a city in Southern California, in the United States. There are 3,847,400 people living in the city, and over 18 million people in the L.A. region. The city has an area of 1,200 square kilometres (460 sq mi). Los Angeles has the second biggest population of any city in the United States, the first being New York, overtaking Chicago in this category in the 1970s. It is also the biggest city of California. Due to being built on a fault line, which runs through the downtown, it is quite lacking in skyscrapers and tall structures and is one of the most spread out cities in the world. Greater Los Angeles is home to many of the biggest rock bands in the history of the United States.

History

The name Los Angeles comes from the Spanish language,and it means "The Angels". The name is an abbreviation from the original name of the place. The original name is "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula" (in English, "town of our lady the Queen of Angels of the River Porciúncula"), giving it both one of the longest and shortest (referring to its shortening of "LA") place names in the world. Los Angeles was founded in 1781 while the area was within the borders of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. The area had earlier been explored by two Franciscan priests named Junipero Serra and Juan Crespi and following the Mexican War of Independence the region passed into the hands of Mexico which subsequently ceded control of California to the U.S. in 1848. On April 4, 1850 California became a State of the USA. Los Angeles began half a century of rapid growth after railroads arrived in the city in the 1870s. Los Angeles was home to the Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984. It will host the Olympic Games in 2028. Three times the city broke out in riots, in 1943, in 1965, and in 1992, all due to racial tensions. In 1994, an earthquake killed 72 people and damaged many buildings.

Geography

Los Angeles is a very large city, and the edges of the city are very far from the center, going from the beaches to the mountains. The Santa Monica Mountains run through the city, separating it into the San Fernando Valley to the north and the Los Angeles Basin to the south. The Los Angeles River also runs through the city some 51 miles (82 km). Los Angeles moves about one-quarter of an inch (6.3 millimeters) to the east every year.[1] It is caused by the city's tectonic plates and rough ground geography and since Los Angeles is at a close distance with the San Andreas Fault. This brings Los Angeles and San Francisco 2.5 inches closer together each year.

Climate

Hollywood sign

The climate in Los Angeles is a Mediterranean climate. The weather is usually warm and dry during the summer, and it is mild and more rainy in the winter. The weather is different depending on how far away from the ocean you are, so places near the beach usually do not get as hot in the summer. It is very rare for temperatures to go below freezing. The city receives about 15 inches (386 mm) of rain each year, although the amount can change a lot from year to year.

Sights

L.A. has many famous sights. There are many very long beaches, such as Venice Beach. Many visitors go to Hollywood, home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame the Mann's (Grauman's) Chinese Theater, a large cinema and L.A. Live, an entertainment complex. Los Angeles also has many fine museums such as the L.A. County Museum of Art, California Science Center and the Getty Museum. Another sight is the Los Angeles City Zoo. Los Angeles is the only major city in the world with an active population of wild mountain lions.[1]

Industries

Los Angeles is known for its large movie and television industry. Much of this is located in Hollywood. Some military aircraft are also made there, as well as spacecraft. The music industry is also concentrated in the area. The city is also a banking center. The San Pedro area has a busy port.

Neighborhoods

Los Angeles City Hall

Los Angeles has dozens of neighborhoods and named areas, including:

The Theme Building at Los Angeles International Airport

Politics

As of December 2019, the mayor of Los Angeles is Eric Garcetti.

Cityscape

Panorama of Los Angeles as viewed from Griffith Observatory.
Left to right: Los Feliz, Downtown Los Angeles and Hollywood

Music

Los Angeles has a rich history and culture of popular music. Many of the most notable recording artists in the history of the United States either started or flourished in Los Angeles or Greater Los Angeles. The surf music scene is largely associated with Los Angeles and suburbs like Malibu. Motown Records moved from Detroit, Michigan to Los Angeles in the 1970s. The West Coast Hip-hop scene and genres such as G-funk are largely centered in Greater Los Angeles.

Notable bands include:

Media

KCBS CBS

KABC American Broadcasting Company

KTLA The CW

KTTV Fox Broadcasting Company

KCOP My13

References