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State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane (French)
Flag of LouisianaOfficial seal of Louisiana
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Map of the United States with Louisiana highlighted
Map of the United States with Louisiana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodTerritory of Orleans
Admitted to the UnionApril 30, 1812 (18th)
CapitalBaton Rouge
Largest cityNew Orleans[1][2][3]
Largest metroGreater New Orleans
 • GovernorJohn Bel Edwards (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorBilly Nungesser (R)
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsBill Cassidy (R)
John Kennedy (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Republicans
1 Democrat (list)
 • Total52,069.13 sq mi (135,382 km2)
 • Land43,601 sq mi (112,927 km2)
 • Water8,283 sq mi (21,455 km2)  15%
Area rank31st
100 ft (30 m)
Highest elevation535 ft (163 m)
Lowest elevation−8 ft (−2.5 m)
 • Total4,661,468
 • Rank25th
 • Density106.9/sq mi (41.3/km2)
 • Density rank23th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Text' not found.
 • Official languageNo official language
 • Spoken languageAs of 2010[7]
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-LA
Trad. abbreviationLa.
Latitude28° 56′ N to 33° 01′ N
Longitude88° 49′ W to 94° 03′ W
Louisiana State symbols
Flag of Louisiana.svg
The Flag of Louisiana.

Seal of Louisiana.svg
The Seal of Louisiana.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Brown pelican
Fish White perch
Flower(s) Magnolia
Insect Honeybee
Mammal(s) Black bear
Reptile Alligator
Tree Bald cypress

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Fossil Petrified palmwood
Gemstone Agate
Instrument Diatonic accordion

Route marker(s)
[[File:|125px|Louisiana Route Marker]]

State Quarter
Quarter of Louisiana
Released in

Lists of United States state insignia

Louisiana (pronounced /lōō-ē'zē-ăn'ə/)[8] is a state in the Southern United States of America. It had a population of about 4,533,372 people in 2010. The state has a total area of about 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km2). Louisiana is the 25th largest state by population and the 31st largest state by area. Louisiana is also known by its nickname, The Pelican State. The land that would become Louisiana was bought in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812. It was the 18th state to become part of the United States. The people who live in the state are known as Louisianans.[9] The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Louisiana has coastal plains, marshs, and low ridges. All of the state is in the Sun Belt. Louisiana is in a sub tropical region, and has a diverse ecosystem. The climate of Louisiana Louisiana has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). It has long, hot, humid summers and short, mild winters.

One third of the adults in Louisiana are obese. This is the highest rate in the United States.[10]

Louisiana was settled by France and the influence of French culture is still a big part of Louisiana today. The French Quarter in New Orleans is one of the best known attractions in the state. It is known today for its special culture, unique food, as well as the holiday Mardi Gras which is most famous in New Orleans.

Louisiana was very badly damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Much of the New Orleans area lies below sea level making flooding a serious problem.

Louisiana was first settled by Native Americans. Louisiana has a large Louisiana Creole population. Louisiana Creole people are a mixture of French, Native American and African American.


See also: List of municipalities in Louisiana, List of Louisiana metropolitan areas, and List of Louisiana locations by per capita income

Louisiana contains 308 incorporated municipalities, consisting of four consolidated city-parishes, and 304 cities, towns, and villages. Louisiana's municipalities cover only 7.9% of the state's land mass but are home to 45.3% of its population.[11] The majority of urban Louisianans live along the coast or in northern Louisiana. The oldest permanent settlement in the state is Nachitoches.[12] Baton Rouge, the state capital, is the second-largest city in the state. The most populous city is New Orleans. As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, Louisiana contains nine metropolitan statistical areas. Major areas include Greater New Orleans, Greater Baton Rouge, Lafayette, and Shreveport–Bossier City.

Related pages


  1. "New Orleans a 'ghost town' after thousands flee Gustav: mayor", AFP, August 31, 2008, 
  2. "Expert: N.O. population at 273,000". WWL-TV. August 7, 2007. Retrieved August 14, 2007. 
  3. "Relocation". Connecting U.S. Cities. May 3, 2007. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. "Median Household Income in Louisiana". 
  7. "United States". Modern Language Association. 
  8. The Tormont Webster's Illustrated Encyclopedic Dictionary. United States of America: Tormont Publications Inc. 1990. p. 998. ISBN 2921171325 . Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  9. "WordNet Search - 3.0". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 26, 2011. 
  10. "Obesity and Overweight for Professionals: Data and Statistics: U.S. Obesity Trends | DNPAO | CDC". 2011 [last update]. Retrieved February 27, 2011. 
  11. "American FactFinder—Results". February 13, 2020. 
  12. "Natchitoches". 
  13. "U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts". City Population. July 1, 2017.,lafayettecitylouisiana,shreveportcitylouisiana,batonrougecitylouisiana,neworleanscitylouisiana,LA/PST045216. 
  14. "U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts". City Population. July 1, 2017.,alexandriacitylouisiana,monroecitylouisiana,bossiercitycitylouisiana,kennercitylouisiana,LA/PST045216.