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Scottish people

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Total population

c. 28–40 million worldwideA[1]

Regions with significant populations
 Scotland   4,446,000 (2011)
(Scottish descent only)[2]
 United StatesB 6,006,955 Scottish
5,393,554 Scotch-Irish
 CanadaC 4,719,850 [5]
 Australia 1,792,600 [6]
 EnglandD 795,000
 Northern IrelandE 760,620 [7]
 Argentina 100,000
 Chile 80,000
 France 45,000
 Poland 15,000
 New ZealandF 12,792 [8]
 Isle of Man 2,403 [9]
 Hong KongG 1,459 [10][11]
English (Scottish English)
Scottish Gaelic • Scots
Presbyterianism, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Episcopalianism; other minority groups; agnostics, deists and atheists.

Scottish people or Scots are people native to Scotland or who are descended from a native of Scotland.[12] They almost all speak English, but some of those living in the Highlands and the islands may speak the Scottish Gaelic language, a Celtic language, as well.

Robert Burns is the national poet of Scotland.


  1. "The Scottish Diaspora and Diaspora Strategy: Insights and Lessons from Ireland". Scottish Government. May 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  2. "Statistical Bulletins - Scotland Census 2011". 
  3. American Community Survey 2008 by the US Census Bureau Archived 2020-02-11 at estimates 5,827,046 people claiming Scottish ancestry and 3,538,444 people claiming Scotch-Irish ancestry.
  4. "Who are the Scots-Irish?". 
  5. The 2006 Canadian Census gives a total of 4,719,850 respondents stating their ethnic origin as Scottish. Many respondents may have misunderstood the question and the numerous responses for "Canadian" does not give an accurate figure for numerous groups, particularly those of British Isles origins.
  6. "ABS Ancestry". 2012. 
  7. Northern Ireland#Demography
  8. "".,+for+the+census+usually+resident+population+count,+1991,+1996+and+2001/$FILE/Table%202a.xls. 
  9. "Archived copy". 
  11. Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine
  12. Scottish ancestry at