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Republic of Zambia
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
from the United Kingdom
|27 June 1890|
|28 November 1899|
|29 January 1900|
|17 August 1911|
|1 August 1953|
|24 October 1964|
|5 January 2016|
|752,618 km2 (290,587 sq mi) (38th)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2010 census
|17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi) (191st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2019)|| 0.584|
medium · 146th
|Currency||Zambian kwacha (ZMW)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (CAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||ZM|
The Republic of Zambia is a country in southern Africa. It shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. It was called Northern Rhodesia and it is currently named after the Zambezi River. Zambia is a undiscovered tourist hub home to one of the seven natural wonders of the world. The might Victoria falls. Zambia is a melting pot of culture and diversity yet to be appreciated with at least 72 spoken languages.
The capital of Zambia is Lusaka, which is also the largest city in the country. Edgar Lungu is the current president. Its motto is One Zambia, One Nation and its national anthem is Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free. Its official language is English.
Zambia originated from Northern Rhodesia which was a colony of Great Britain. In 1964 Zambia became an independent country. The first president was Kenneth Kaunda, who ruled Zambia for 27 years with his party UNIP. Zambia was a one party democracy. UNIP was the only legal party and all other parties were banned.
After protests, democratic elections were held in 1991. Kenneth Kaunda lost the elections and gave away his power in an orderly manner to his successor Frederick Chiluba, a former union leader.
In the 1960s, Zambia was making a lot of money because of the copper deposits that were mined in Copperbelt province. When copper became cheaper in the 1970s, the economy got worse because people in Zambia were not making as much money from selling copper.
Today, Zambia is a poor country. It does not have many industries. Copper is still its main export. Commercial farming in Zambia is starting to make more money.
The important places in Zambia are:
|Cities in Zambia|
|Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000||Est. 2007|
- Census of Population and Housing National Analytical Report 2010 Central Statistical Office, Zambia
- United Nations Statistics Division. "Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density". http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/DYB2004/Table03.pdf.
- "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision" (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/.
- Central Statistical Office, Government of Zambia. "2010 Census Population Summaries". http://www.zamstats.gov.zm/phocadownload/2010_Census/2010%20Census%20of%20Population%20National%20Analytical%20Report.pdf.
- "Zambia". International Monetary Fund. https://www.imf.org/external/datamapper/PPPGDP@WEO/OEMDC/ADVEC/WEOWORLD/ZMB.
- "Gini Index". World Bank. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI/.
- Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene. United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. . http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Official faith according to constitution