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Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana.
and largest city
|Official languages||Setswana, English|
• from the United Kingdom
|30 September 1966|
|581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (47th)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• 2001 census
|3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi) (229th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2010)|| 0.633|
medium · 98th
|Time zone||Central Africa Time (UTC+02)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||BW|
- See also: List of settlements in Botswana
Botswana is divided into 10 districts:
- Southern District
- South-East District
- Kweneng District
- Kgatleng District
- Central District
- North-East District
- Ngamiland District
- Kgalagadi District
- Chobe District
- Ghanzi District
People from Botswana are called Batswana. The population of Botswana is about 2.2 million.  This is only 2.7 persons per km², a small number for a country of this size. This is because most of the country is desert and very dry.
President Khama won elections in 2009 and 2014. The current President of Botswana is Dr. Eric K. Mokgweetsi who took over from Dr. Ian Khama Seretse Khama in 2018.
Botswana's economy comes mostly from mining. This includes diamonds, metals (including copper) and minerals (including salt). Botswana is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world. In 1999, Botswana produced over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds from the three Debswana mines. That is about 25% of worldwide production.
In popular culture
The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency books by Alexander McCall Smith are set in Botswana. The HBO television series based on the books was filmed in Botswana.
- "Office of the President (OP)". Government of Botswana. http://www.gov.bw/en/ministries--authorities/ministries/state-president/office-of-the-president/about-the-office-of-the-president/. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Botswana". The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
- "Botswana". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=616&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=36&pr.y=12. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
- "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2010_EN_Table1.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_bc.html.
- "Botswana diamonds". Know Botswana.com. http://www.knowbotswana.com/botswana-diamonds.html. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "XE: Convert USD/BWP. United States Dollar to Botswana Pula". http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/convert/?From=USD&To=BWP. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- Media related to Botswana at Wikimedia Commons
- Botswana travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Botswana Newspapers