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Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana (Tswana)
Location of Botswana (dark green)
and largest city
|Official languages||English • Setswana|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic|
from the United Kingdom
• Established (Constitution)
|30 September 1966|
|581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (47th)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2011 census
|3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)||▼ 53.3|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.735|
high · 100th
|Currency||Botswana pula (BWP)|
|Time zone||Central Africa Time (GMT+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||BW|
- See also: List of settlements in Botswana
Botswana is divided into 10 districts:
- Southern District
- South-East District
- Kweneng District
- Kgatleng District
- Central District
- North-East District
- Ngamiland District
- Kgalagadi District
- Chobe District
- Ghanzi District
People from Botswana are called Batswana. The population of Botswana is about 2.2 million.  This is only 2.7 persons per km², a small number for a country of this size. This is because most of the country is desert and very dry.
President Khama won elections in 2009 and 2014. The current President of Botswana is Dr. Eric K. Mokgweetsi who took over from Dr. Ian Khama Seretse Khama in 2018.
Botswana's economy comes mostly from mining. This includes diamonds, metals (including copper) and minerals (including salt). Botswana is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world. In 1999, Botswana produced over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds from the three Debswana mines. That is about 25% of worldwide production.
In popular culture
The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency books by Alexander McCall Smith are set in Botswana. The HBO television series based on the books was filmed in Botswana.
- Seabo, Batlang; Kesaobaka, Molebatsi. "Botswana's Dominant Party System". https://www.eisa.org.za/pdf/JAE16.2Seabo.pdf.
- Benza, Brian (24 October 2019). "Botswana's Masisi retains presidency as BDP wins election". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-botswana-election/botswanas-masisi-retains-presidency-as-bdp-wins-election-idUSKBN1X40KS. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- Selolwane, Onalenna (2002). "Monopoly Politikos: How Botswana's Opposition Parties Have Helped Sustain One-Party Dominance". African Sociological Review 6 (1): 68–90. .
- "Africa :: Botswana – The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html.
- "Masisi to Lead Botswana as Khama Steps Down After a Decade". https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-28/masisi-to-lead-botswana-as-khama-steps-down-after-decade-at-helm.
- (2015) Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 – Country Report – Botswana . United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, 9. Report. “Total Country Area ('000)ha / 58 173”
- "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision" (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/.
- "IMF Country Specific Data". https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2019&ey=2019&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=67&pr1.y=3&c=616&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=.
- "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=BW.
- "Human Development Report 2020" (in en) (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf.
- Chapter: 01:04 (20 July 1984). "Interpretation Act 1984 (§40(1))". http://www.elaws.gov.bw/desplaylrpage1.php?id=1399.
- "Botswana | South African History Online". https://www.sahistory.org.za/place/botswana.
- "History of Botswana | Embassy of the Republic of Botswana in Washington, D.C.". http://www.botswanaembassy.org/page/history-of-botswana.
- Morton, Fred (January 1989). "The Birth of Botswana: A History of the Bechuanaland Protectorate from 1910 to 1966". African Economic History. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272925981_The_Birth_of_Botswana_A_History_of_the_Bechuanaland_Protectorate_from_1910_to_1966.
- "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_bc.html.
- "Botswana diamonds". Know Botswana.com. http://www.knowbotswana.com/botswana-diamonds.html. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "XE: Convert USD/BWP. United States Dollar to Botswana Pula". http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/convert/?From=USD&To=BWP. Retrieved 2017-05-17.
- Media related to Botswana at Wikimedia Commons
- Botswana travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Botswana Newspapers