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Republic of Botswana

Lefatshe la Botswana  (Tswana)
Flag of Botswana
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Location of  Botswana  (dark green)
Location of  Botswana  (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Gaborone
24°39.5′S 25°54.5′E / 24.6583°S 25.9083°E / -24.6583; 25.9083
Official languagesEnglishSetswana
Ethnic groups
(2012 est.)
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party[1][2][3] parliamentary constitutional republic[4]
• President
Mokgweetsi Masisi[5]
Slumber Tsogwane
Phandu Skelemani
Terence Rannowane
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence 
• Established (Constitution)
30 September 1966
Area
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi)[6] (47th)
• Water (%)
2.7
Population
• 2016 estimate
2,250,260[7] (145th)
• 2011 census
2,024,904
• Density
3.7/km2 (9.6/sq mi) (231st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$44.3 billion[8]
• Per capita
$18,654[8]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$19.651 billion[8]
• Per capita
$8,263[8]
Gini (2015) 53.3[9]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.735[10]
high · 100th
CurrencyBotswana pula (BWP)
Time zoneCentral Africa Time (GMT+2)[11]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+267
ISO 3166 codeBW
Internet TLD.bw
Website
www.gov.bw

Botswana (officially called the Republic of Botswana) is a country in southern Africa. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

History

The first people in Botswana's territory were the Khoe and San people.[12] Botswana was first formed as the Bechuanaland Protectorate by the British Empire in 1885.[13][14]

Geography

See also: List of settlements in Botswana

The countries that border Botswana are Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Namibia. It is also possible to travel from Botswana directly into Zambia by crossing the Zambezi River by ferry.

Botswana is landlocked. All of Botswana's trade must be brought in over land or by airplane.

The two most important geographical features in Botswana are the Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert.

Divisions

Botswana is divided into 10 districts:

Culture

People from Botswana are called Batswana. The population of Botswana is about 2.2 million. [15] This is only 2.7 persons per km², a small number for a country of this size. This is because most of the country is desert and very dry.

Botswana has two official languages: Setswana and English. Setswana is the national language (also called Tswana).

Governance

Botswana is a democracy. The people vote for their political leaders. Those leaders vote for the president. In 2008 Ian Khama became the fourth president of Botswana.

President Khama won elections in 2009 and 2014. The current President of Botswana is Dr. Eric K. Mokgweetsi who took over from Dr. Ian Khama Seretse Khama in 2018.

Economy

The economy of Botswana has been growing very fast since it became an independent country in 1966. The people of Botswana have had the world's fastest growth in standard of living since that time.

Botswana's economy comes mostly from mining. This includes diamonds, metals (including copper) and minerals (including salt). Botswana is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world.[16] In 1999, Botswana produced over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds from the three Debswana mines. That is about 25% of worldwide production.

Tourism is also important to the country. Many people come to Botswana each year to see its wildlife.

The currency of Botswana is called the pula (which means rain). It is made up of 100 thebe (which means shield). In 2017, one US dollar was about 10.32 pulas.[17]

In popular culture

The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency books by Alexander McCall Smith are set in Botswana. The HBO television series based on the books was filmed in Botswana.

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. Seabo, Batlang; Kesaobaka, Molebatsi. "Botswana's Dominant Party System". https://www.eisa.org.za/pdf/JAE16.2Seabo.pdf. 
  2. Benza, Brian (24 October 2019). "Botswana's Masisi retains presidency as BDP wins election". Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-botswana-election/botswanas-masisi-retains-presidency-as-bdp-wins-election-idUSKBN1X40KS. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 
  3. Selolwane, Onalenna (2002). "Monopoly Politikos: How Botswana's Opposition Parties Have Helped Sustain One-Party Dominance". African Sociological Review 6 (1): 68–90. doi:10.4314/asr.v6i1.23203 . 
  4. "Africa :: Botswana – The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html. 
  5. "Masisi to Lead Botswana as Khama Steps Down After a Decade". https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-28/masisi-to-lead-botswana-as-khama-steps-down-after-decade-at-helm. 
  6. (2015) Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 – Country Report – Botswana . United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, 9. Report. “Total Country Area ('000)ha / 58 173”
  7. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision" (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "IMF Country Specific Data". https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2019&ey=2019&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=67&pr1.y=3&c=616&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=. 
  9. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=BW. 
  10. "Human Development Report 2020" (in en) (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2020.pdf. 
  11. Chapter: 01:04 (20 July 1984). "Interpretation Act 1984 (§40(1))". http://www.elaws.gov.bw/desplaylrpage1.php?id=1399. 
  12. "Botswana | South African History Online". https://www.sahistory.org.za/place/botswana. 
  13. "History of Botswana | Embassy of the Republic of Botswana in Washington, D.C.". http://www.botswanaembassy.org/page/history-of-botswana. 
  14. Morton, Fred (January 1989). "The Birth of Botswana: A History of the Bechuanaland Protectorate from 1910 to 1966". African Economic History. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272925981_The_Birth_of_Botswana_A_History_of_the_Bechuanaland_Protectorate_from_1910_to_1966. 
  15. "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_bc.html. 
  16. "Botswana diamonds". Know Botswana.com. http://www.knowbotswana.com/botswana-diamonds.html. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  17. "XE: Convert USD/BWP. United States Dollar to Botswana Pula". http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/convert/?From=USD&To=BWP. Retrieved 2017-05-17. 

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