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# Botswana

Republic of Botswana
Lefatshe la Botswana.

Motto:
Anthem:
Location of  Botswana  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Gaborone
Official languagesSetswana, English
GovernmentParliamentary republic
Mokgweetsi Masisi[1]
Slumber Tsogwane
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
30 September 1966
Area
• Total
581,730 km2 (224,610 sq mi) (47th)
• Water (%)
2.6
Population
• 2010 estimate
2,029,307[2] (144th)
• 2001 census
1,680,863
• Density
3.4/km2 (8.8/sq mi) (229th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$28.491 billion[3] • Per capita$15,489[3]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$14.030 billion[3] • Per capita$7,627[3]
Gini (1993)63[4]
very high
HDI (2010) 0.633[5]
medium · 98th
CurrencyPula (BWP)
Time zoneCentral Africa Time (UTC+02)
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Driving sideleft
Calling code+267
ISO 3166 codeBW
Internet TLD.bw

Botswana (officially called the Republic of Botswana) is a country in southern Africa. The capital of Botswana is Gaborone.

## Geography

The countries that border Botswana are Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Namibia. It is also possible to travel from Botswana directly into Zambia by crossing the Zambezi River by ferry.

Botswana is landlocked. All of Botswana's trade must be brought in over land or by airplane.

The two most important geographical features in Botswana are the Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert.

## Divisions

Botswana is divided into 10 districts:

## Culture

People from Botswana are called Batswana. The population of Botswana is about 2.2 million. [6] This is only 2.7 persons per km², a small number for a country of this size. This is because most of the country is desert and very dry.

Botswana has two official languages: Setswana and English. Setswana is the national language (also called Tswana).

## Governance

Botswana is a democracy. The people vote for their political leaders. Those leaders vote for the president. In 2008 Ian Khama became the fourth president of Botswana.

President Khama won elections in 2009 and 2014. The current President of Botswana is Dr. Eric K. Mokgweetsi who took over from Dr. Ian Khama Seretse Khama in 2018.

## Economy

The economy of Botswana has been growing very fast since it became an independent country in 1966. The people of Botswana have had the world's fastest growth in standard of living since that time.

Botswana's economy comes mostly from mining. This includes diamonds, metals (including copper) and minerals (including salt). Botswana is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world.[7] In 1999, Botswana produced over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds from the three Debswana mines. That is about 25% of worldwide production.

Tourism is also important to the country. Many people come to Botswana each year to see its wildlife.

The currency of Botswana is called the pula (which means rain). It is made up of 100 thebe (which means shield). In 2017, one US dollar was about 10.32 pulas.[8]

## In popular culture

The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency books by Alexander McCall Smith are set in Botswana. The HBO television series based on the books was filmed in Botswana.

## References

1. "Office of the President (OP)". Government of Botswana. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
2. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Botswana". The World Factbook. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
3. "Botswana". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-21.
4. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
5. "Human Development Report 2010". United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
6. "Botswana diamonds". Know Botswana.com. Retrieved December 24, 2014.