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Satellite image of Gaborone
|Named for||Kgosi Gaborone|
|• Type||City commission government|
|• Body||Gaborone City Council|
|• Mayor||Haskins Nkaigwa (BMD)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Florence Shagwa (BCP)|
|• City||169 km2 (65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||983 m (3,225 ft)|
|• Density||1,371/km2 (3,550/sq mi)|
Gaborone is the capital city of Botswana. It has a population of 231,626 people. Gaborone is one of the fastest-growing cities in Africa. Gaborone is on the Notwane River in the southeastern corner of Botswana. It is 15 km (9.3 mi) from the South African border.
Before 1969, the city was known as Gaberones. Gaberones replaced Mafeking as the capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate in 1965. Mafeking was outside the Bechuanaland Protectorate. It was in an area of South Africa. When the Protectorate became independent, Botswana needed a capital city that was inside the country. It had been thought that Lobatse would be the capital. It was later decided that they would create a new capital next to Gaberones, a small colonial administrative settlement.
The original name, Gaberones, is from Gaborone's Village. It was named after Chief Kgosi Gaborone of the BaTlokwa tribe. His village, now called Tlokweng, was just across a river from the "Government Camp" (colonial government headquarters). "Gabs" is still a common nickname for Gaborone. A newer nickname for Gaborone is G-City.
The centre of the city was constructed in three years. It includes Assembly buildings, government offices, a power station, a hospital, schools, a radio station, a telephone exchange, police stations, a post office, and more than 1,000 houses. Much of the city was in place for Independence Day on September 30 1966, when the county became independent of the United Kingdom. The first mayor of Gaborone was Rev J. D. Jones. The old Gaberones became a suburb of the new Gaborone, and is now known as "the Village".
- Parsons, Neil (19 August 1999). "Botswana History Page 7: Geography". Botswana History Pages. Gaborone, Botswana: University of Botswana History Department. http://www.thuto.org/ubh/bw/bhp7.htm. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
- Keoreng, Ephraim (5 October 2011). New Gaborone Mayor seeks power to hire and fire. 28. Gaborone, Botswana: Mmegi Online. http://www.mmegi.bw/index.php?sid=1&aid=494&dir=2011/October/Wednesday5. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- "BOTSWANA STATISTICAL YEAR BOOK 2010" (PDF). Statistics Botswana. Gaborone: Central Statistics Office. 2011-12. Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. http://www.webcitation.org/65jCFX9lp. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Gaborone, Botswana Page". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc.. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/BC/09/Gaborone.html.
- "The Population of Towns, Villages and Associated Localities" (PDF). 2011 Population and Housing Census. Gaborone: Statistics Botswana. June 2012. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. http://www.webcitation.org/68QAYaEFm. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- Botswana Telecommunications Authority (11 September 2009) (DOC). Botswana (country code +267). International Telecommunication Union. Archived from the original on 27 December 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5mKyF8Dce. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
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