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United Republic of Tanzania
Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
|Official languages||Swahili (de facto)|
English (Higher courts, higher education)
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
from the United Kingdom
|9 December 1961|
|10 December 1963|
|26 April 1964|
|945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi) (31st)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• 2003 census
|46.3/km2 (119.9/sq mi) (124th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|$72.686 billion |
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2012)|| 0.466|
low · 152nd
|Currency||Tanzanian shilling (TZS)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+3 (not observed)|
|ISO 3166 code||TZ|
1 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
² 007 from Kenya and Uganda.
In 1997, there were about 29,647,000 people living in Tanzania. They are divided into 120 tribes; none have more than 10% of the population. Tanzania is a multicultural society with people from many different cultures. There are many languages & religions in Tanzania; the main ones being Christianity and Arabic.
Tanzania is a very poor country. Their biggest export is the fish from the Lake Victoria, especially the nile perch. They send about 100 tons of fish to Europe and America every day. It's still not a lot of money. Most of the people in Tanzania work in agriculture. Agriculture in Tanzania is mainly very small farms. They grow coffee, cotton, sisal, tea, tobacco, and cashew nuts.
The president of the United Republic of Tanzania is Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete. Tanzania is a member of the United Nations, UNIDO, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, SADC, PTA, and the ADB. It is also signatory to the Lome Convention.
Mainland Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika) received independence in December 1961, while Zanzibar gained her independence in January 1964, through a revolution. The two countries joined together to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964. Until July 1992, Tanzania was a one-party state. Following a Presidential Commission, the country has started a multi-party political system. It has held successful general elections in 1995 and 2000.
Tanzania is divided into 26 Regions. 21 are on the mainland and five in Zanzibar.
Tanzania's regions are: Arusha · Dar es Salaam · Dodoma · Iringa · Kagera · Kigoma · Kilimanjaro · Lindi · Manyara · Mara · Mbeya · Morogoro · Mtwara · Mwanza · Pemba North · Pemba South · Pwani · Rukwa · Ruvuma · Shinyanga · Singida · Tabora · Tanga · Zanzibar Central/South · Zanzibar North · Zanzibar Urban/West
- J. A. Masebo & N. Nyangwine: Nadharia ya lugha Kiswahili 1. S. 126, ISBN 978-9987-676-09-5
- Tanzania in Figures 2010
- "Tanzania". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=738&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=86&pr.y=14. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- "Gini Coefficient". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html. Retrieved 2012-01-25.