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Argentine Republic
República Argentina  (Spanish)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "En unión y libertad"  (Spanish)
"In Unity and Freedom"
Anthem: "Himno Nacional Argentino"  (Spanish)
"Argentine National Anthem"
File:United States Navy Band - Himno Nacional Argentino.ogg
The Argentine claims in Antarctica (overlapping the Chilean and British Antarctic claims) along with the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (administered by the United Kingdom) shown in light green.

The Argentine claims in Antarctica (overlapping the Chilean and British Antarctic claims) along with the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (administered by the United Kingdom) shown in light green.

and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S 58°23′W / 34.6°S 58.383°W / -34.6; -58.383
Official languages Spanish (de facto)
Ethnic groups (2005[1]) 86.4% European
8.5% Mestizo
3.3% Arab
1.6% Amerindian
0.4% Asian and others
Demonym Argentine, Argentinian, Argentinean
Government Federal representative presidential republic
 -  President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
 -  Vice President and President of the Senate
Amado Boudou
 -  Supreme Court President Ricardo Lorenzetti
Legislature Congress
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 -  May Revolution 25 May 1810 
 -  Declared 9 July 1816 
 -  Current constitution 1 May 1853 
 -  Total 2,766,890 km2 (8th)
1,068,302 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.1
 -  2010 census 40,117,096[2] (32nd)
 -  Density 14.49/km2 (207th)
37.53/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $710.7 billion[3] (22nd)
 -  Per capita $17,376[3] (51st)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $435.2 billion[3] (27th)
 -  Per capita $10,639[3] (62nd)
Gini (2009)45.8[4]
HDI (2011)Increase 0.797[5]
high · 45th
Currency Peso ($) (ARS)
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
Date format (CE)
Drives on the right (trains ride on the left)
Calling code +54
Internet TLD .ar

Argentina (officially called Argentine Republic) is a country in South America. Argentina is the second-largest country in South America and the eighth-largest country in the world.

Spanish is the language most people speak and the official language, but many other languages are spoken. Some of these are German, Guarani, Mapudungun and Quechua and even Welsh in Patagonia.

The capital city of the Argentina is Buenos Aires, one of the largest cities in the world, in eastern Argentina. In order by number of people, the largest cities in Argentina are Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Rosario, Mendoza, La Plata, Tucumán, Mar del Plata, Salta, Santa Fe, and Bahía Blanca.

Argentina is between the Andes mountain range in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast, and Chile in the west and south. It also claims the Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.


The name Argentina comes from the Latin argentum (silver) as the Spanish conquistadors believed the area had silver. In the Americas, Canada, US, Brazil and Argentina are the largest countries (in that order).

The oldest signs of people in Argentina are in the Patagonia (Piedra Museo, Santa Cruz), and are more than 13,000 years old. In 1480 the Inca Empire conquered northwestern Argentina, making it part of the empire. In the northeastern area, the Guaraní developed a culture based on yuca and sweet potato however typical dishes all around Argentina are pasta, red wines (Italian influence) and beef.

Other languages spoken are Italian, English and German. Lunfardo is Argentinean slang and is a mix of Spanish and Italian. Argentineans are said to speak Spanish with an Italian accent.


Argentina is a federal republic. The people of Argentina vote for a President to rule them and Senators and Deputies to speak for them and make laws for them. The President is Cristina Fernández de Kirchner since December 2007.

Administrative divisions

Argentina is divided into 23 provinces (provincias; singular: provincia), and 1 city (commonly known as capital federal):

  1. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires*
  2. Buenos Aires (Province)
  3. Catamarca
  4. Chaco
  5. Chubut
  6. Córdoba
  7. Corrientes
  8. Entre Ríos
  9. Formosa
  10. Jujuy
  11. La Pampa
  12. La Rioja
  1. Mendoza
  2. Misiones
  3. Neuquén
  4. Río Negro
  5. Salta
  6. San Juan
  7. San Luis
  8. Santa Cruz
  9. Santa Fe
  10. Santiago del Estero
  11. Tierra del Fuego
  12. Tucumán


Map of Argentina
Map of Argentina

Argentina is almost 3,700 km long from north to south, and 1,400 km from east to west (maximum values). It can be divided into three parts: the Pampas in the central part of the country, Patagonia in the southern part down to Tierra del Fuego; and the Andes mountain range along the western border with Chile, with the highest point in the province of Mendoza. Cerro Aconcagua, at 6,960 metres (22,834 ft), is the Americas' highest mountain.

The most important rivers include the River Plate, Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Uruguay and the largest river, the Paraná. River Plate was incorrectly translated though, and should have been translated to English as River of (the) Silver. River Plate is also a famous Buenos Aires soccer team.

See List of cities in Argentina for the many places people live in Argentina.

Other information

The majority of the Argentineans are descendants of Europeans mainly from Spain, Italy, Germany, Ireland, France, other Europeans countries and Mestizo representing more than 90% of the total population of the country.[6]

Football or soccer is the most popular sport, although the national sport of the country is Pato. Argentina has a number of highly-ranked Polo players. Field hockey (for women) rugby and golf are also favorites.

Argentina is a Christian country. Most of Argentina's people (80 percent) are Roman Catholic, but it is not the state religion.[7] Argentina also has the largest population of Jewish community after Israel and US. Many Middle Eastern immigrants who were Muslims converted to Catholicism, but there are still Muslims as well.

Medicine is socialized and so is education, making Argentina's literacy rate about 98%. State University is free as well.

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