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South America is the continent to the south of North America. These two continents are separated by the Panama Canal. There are seven continents which make up the globe, South America being the 4th largest.South America includes 14 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland Islands (United Kingdom), French Guiana (France), Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.
South America is attached to Central America at the boundary of Panama. Geographically all of Panama – including the part east of the Panama Canal in the isthmus – is usually included in North America alone, among the countries of Central America.
List of Countries
- Falkland Islands
- French Guiana
- Trinidad and Tobago
The soil in Argentina's Pampas is among the best in the world. Brazil's soil is very good for growing coffee. A great number of minerals have been found. Few, however, have been mined. Among those that were mined are iron, manganese, gold, and gemstones. The tropical forests are rich in valuable trees, like mahogany, ebony, and rubber. Oil is also a resource in some places.
The most popular attractions are:
- Machu Picchu, a historic site in Peru which is a city made of stone and has a over 26 mile marathon.
- The Iguazu Falls, a waterfall on the border between Argentina and Brazil
- The Angel Falls, the world's tallest waterfall, in Venezuela
- Rio de Janeiro and its carnival in Brazil is a huge seaside city in Brazil, famed for its Copacabana and Ipanema beaches, 38m Christ the Redeemer statue atop Mount Corcovado and for Sugarloaf Mountain, a granite peak with cable cars to its summit. The city is also known for its sprawling favelas (shanty towns). Its raucous Carnaval festival, featuring parade floats, flamboyant costumes and samba dancers, is considered the world’s largest.
- The Patagonia region in Argentina and Chile
- The Christ Redeemer in Brazil, a large, white statue of Jesus Christ.
The Amazon rain forest
The amazon rain forest is a moist grassy land where many wild animals live and contains the amazon river which is the 2nd longest river in the world and and has the largest volume of water.The world's longest river is the Nile in Africa. The forest is known as a rain forest as it rains very often but due to the dense surroundings not every droplet reaches the bottom. The Amazon is shared by eight countries (Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname) and stretches for 6.7 million kilometers2. In the amazon rain forest, hundreds of thousands of trees have been cut down for wood and paper,meaning that the forest is endangered. Unlike the Boreial forest in Canada the trees are not getting replanted.
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- Koontz, Terri; Mark Sidwell, S.M.Bunke. World Studies. Greenville, South Carolina 29614: Bob Jones University Press. .
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- "Americas" Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49), United Nations Statistics Division
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- "Panama". Britannica Concise Encyclopedia
- Geography: Panama CIA World Factbook 2008.