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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela[1]
República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Motto: Ninguno
Traditional: Dios y Federación
[God and the Federation]
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo  (Spanish)
Glory to the Brave People
and largest city
10°30′N 66°58′W / 10.5°N 66.967°W / 10.5; -66.967
Official languages Spanish[2]
National language Spanish[2]
Ethnic groups
Demonym Venezuelan
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Nicolás Maduro Moros
 -  Vice President Elías Jaua
 -  from Spain 5 July 1811 
 -  from Gran Colombia 13 January 1830 
 -  Recognized 30 March 1845 
 -  Current constitution 20 December 1999 
 -  Total 916,445 km2 (33rd)
353,841 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.32[3]
 -  2011 estimate 27,150.095 (43rd)
 -  2001 census 23,054,985
 -  Density 30.2/km2 (181st)
77/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $346.973 billion[1]
 -  Per capita $11,889[1]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
 -  Total $285.214 billion[1]
 -  Per capita $9,773[1]
Gini (2010)39[2]
HDI (2011)Increase 0.735
high · 73rd[3]
Currency Bolívar fuerte[4] (VEF)
Time zone VET (UTC– 4:30)
Drives on the right
Calling code +58
Internet TLD .ve
^  The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the new Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
^  The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
^  Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
^  On 1 January 2008 a new bolivar, the bolívar fuerte (ISO 4217 code VEF), worth 1,000 VEB, was introduced.

Venezuela is a country in northern South America. Its official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela). The official language is Spanish, and its capital is Caracas. Venezuela produces a large amount of oil every year, and has one of the largest oil supplies in the world.

Ancient Venezuelans came from the east, west, south, and north. Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on the land, but there were already natives living there for a long time. The Spaniards first conquered Venezuela. Slaves were imported from Africa.

Venezuela's inhabitants are very racially mixed. This comes from the colonial period. When whites (the British, Spaniards, French, etc.) conquered America's territory, they took their black African slaves to America to work. During Venezuela's colonial time, black people did not have any rights. They just worked for food. The native people were taught Roman Catholicism. For a long time, white creoles, people in Venezuela that were descended from Spaniards but considered Venezuela home, headed society. The Venezuelan people did not like that, and started thinking about independence. On July 24, 1823, Venezuela won its independence, led by Simón Bolívar. The current president is Nicolás Maduro.

Venezuela's economy is based on oil, cotton, cocoa, sugar, coffee, and tobacco.

Some other languages spoken in Venezuela are Carib, Guahibo, Warao, Wayuu, Pemon, and Piaroa. Most people are Roman Catholic at 96%, and a small minority is Protestant at 2%.


The population of Venezuela is about 28,946,101 people.[4] The ethnic groups of the population are:

  • 75.4%: multiracial (of any kind).
  • 16.9%: European.
  • 2.8%: African.
  • 2.7%: Amerindian.
  • 2.2%: Asian.