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Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Spanish)
and largest city
|Government||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|Nicolás Maduro Moros|
• from Spain
|5 July 1811|
• from Gran Colombia
|13 January 1830|
|30 March 1845|
|20 December 1999|
|916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (33rd)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2001 census
|30.2/km2 (78.2/sq mi) (181st)|
Venezuela is a country in northern South America. Its official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela). The official language is Spanish, and its capital is Caracas. Venezuela produces a large amount of oil every year, and has one of the largest oil supplies in the world.
Ancient Venezuelans came from the east, west, south, and north. Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on the land, but there were already natives living there for a long time. The Spaniards first conquered Venezuela. Slaves were imported from Africa.
Venezuela's inhabitants are very racially mixed. This comes from the colonial period. When whites (the British, Spaniards, French, etc.) conquered America's territory, they took their black African slaves to America to work. During Venezuela's colonial time, black people did not have any rights. They just worked for food. The native people were taught Roman Catholicism. For a long time, white creoles, people in Venezuela that were descended from Spaniards but considered Venezuela home, headed society. The Venezuelan people did not like that, and started thinking about independence. On July 24, 1823, Venezuela won its independence, led by Simón Bolívar. The current president is Nicolás Maduro.
The population of Venezuela is about 28,946,101 people. The ethnic groups of the population are:
- 75.4%: multiracial (of any kind).
- 16.9%: European.
- 2.8%: African.
- 2.7%: Amerindian.
- 2.2%: Asian.
- Plaza Bolivar El Tigre 2006.jpg
Bolívar square, El Tigre - Anzoátegui state
- Santa Rosa 0024.jpg
Medanos from Capanaparo savanna – Apure state
- "Venezuela". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=76&pr.y=7&sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=299&s=NGDP_RPCH,NGDPD,NGDPDPC,PPPGDP,PPPPC&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- "Human Development indicator for the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela". United Nations. 2011. http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/VEN.html. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "Gini coefficient for the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela". Instituto Nacional de Estadística. 2011. http://www.ine.gov.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=104&Itemid=45#.