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Buenos Aires

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Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
Flag of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Coat of arms of Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Coat of arms
Country Argentina
Established 1536, 1580
 • Type Autonomous city
 • Chief of Government Mauricio Macri
 • Senators María Eugenia Estenssoro, Samuel Cabanchik, Daniel Filmus
 • Autonomous City 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Land 203 km2 (78.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi)
25 m (82 ft)
 (2010 census.)[3]
 • Autonomous City 2,890,151
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 14,240/km2 (36,817/sq mi)
 • Metro
Catalinas Norte Towers

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city in the South American country of Argentina.

Buenos Aires city is also known as Capital Federal to differentiate the city from the Buenos Aires Province.

Until 1994 Buenos Aires city was under the presidential government, but after a constitutional reform in that year, the city became self-governed, allowing citizens to elect their city authorities.


Buenos Aires has a population of 3,040,000 inhabitants. Spanish is the main language, but English is widely well spoken. Italian is also widespread.


Buenos Aires has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification). The average temperature is 17 °C. During the 20th century the temperature went up because of the urbanization. Rainfall is 1222.6 mm. per year. Summers are hot and humid. Winters are mild, the highest medium temperature is 13.7 °C during this season. Temperature rarely reaches 0 °C or below. Fog is frequent.


Buenos Aires is divided into 48 neighborhoods. Most populated areas are:

  • Palermo: Located in the northeast of the city, it also is the largest neighborhood in Buenos Aires. Some parts of Palermo are highly touristic: Bosques de Palermo (Palermo Woods), Palermo Soho, Palermo Hollywood
  • Caballito: This mostly residential neighborhood is located in the geographical centre of the city.
  • Recoleta: Recoleta is one of the most wealthy neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. Recoleta Cemetery is located there.


Buenos Aires is the most visited city in South América.[5] Most touristic areas are the historical center, Palermo, Recoleta and San Telmo.

  • Historical Center / Plaza de Mayo: It is the historical place of the foundation of the city. On Plaza de Mayo are found many interesting buildings: Cabildo (where the colonial government was), Cathedral, Casa Rosada (current Government Palace).
  • San Telmo is one of the most ancient neighborhoods in Buenos Aires. It used to be a very expensive area. But in the 18th Century, an epidemics made people move to Recoleta area, farther from the river.
  • Recoleta: In this neighborhood, there are many beautiful Palaces from the 19th Century. Tourist also visit Recoleta Cemetery where many political figures are buried. One famous person buried in Recoleta Cemetery is political woman Eva Perón.
  • Palermo: Palermo is divided in several sub-areas. Palermo Soho is full of designers and clothing shops. Palermo Hollywood is the heart of Buenos Aires gastronomical offer.


The fifth Wikimania was hosted in this city in 2009.


Other websites

Avenida de Mayo avenue.

Online newspapers

Provinces of Argentina Flag of Argentina
Buenos Aires | Buenos Aires Province | Catamarca | Chaco | Chubut | Córdoba | Corrientes | Entre Ríos | Formosa | Jujuy | La Pampa | La Rioja | Mendoza | Misiones | Neuquen | Río Negro | Salta | San Juan | San Luis | Santa Cruz | Santa Fe | Santiago del Estero | Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands | Tucumán

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