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Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  – 2000s –  2010s  2020s  2030s
Years: 2006 2007 200820092010 2011 2012

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was also the last year of the 2000s decade.

2009 was called the:




  • February 1 – Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow is enthroned as the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • February 1 – Johanna Sigurdardottir becomes Prime Minister of Iceland.
  • February 2 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has launched its own satellite, "Omid", into orbit on an Iranian-built rocket.[10]
  • February 7 – The deadliest bushfires in Australian history begin; they kill 173, injure 500 more, and leave 7,500 homeless. The fires come after Melbourne records the hottest-ever temperature (46.4 °C, 115 °F) of any capital city in Australia. The majority of the fires are started by either fallen or clashing power lines or deliberately lit.
  • February 9Victoria (Australia) hottest day, 48.8 °C at Hopetoun.[11]
  • February 10 – A Russian and an American satellite collide over Siberia, creating a large amount of space debris.[12]
  • February 17 – The JEM rebel group in Darfur, Sudan sign a pact with the Sudanese government, planning a ceasefire within the next 3 months.
  • February 25 – Members of the Bangladesh Rifles paramilitary force begin mutinying. Over 80 are killed.


  • March 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.[13]
  • March 3 – Gunmen attack a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan, killing eight people and injuring several others.[14]
  • March 17 – The President of Madagascar, Marc Ravalomanana, is overthrown in a coup d'état, following a month of rallies in Antananarivo. The military appoints opposition leader Andry Rajoelina as the new president.


  • April 1 – Albania and Croatia join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  • April 5North Korea launches the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket, prompting an emergency meeting of—but no official reaction from—the United Nations Security Council.
  • April 6 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing nearly 300 and injuring more than 1,500.[15]


  • May 4 – The President of Niger, Tandja Mamadou, holds peace talks with the Tuareg rebel groups in north Niger.
  • May 18 – The third C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group meets in Seoul.
  • May 18 -Following more than a quarter-century of fighting, the Sri Lankan Civil War ends with the total military defeat of the LTTE.[16][17]









Hit Songs


  1. "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 189 session 61 International Year of National Fibres, 2009 on 20 December 2006
  4. "International Year of Reconciliation 2009". 20 November 2006. 
  5. Harel, Amos; Yoav Stern and Yanir Yagana (January 3, 2009). "Israel launches a ground operation in the Gaza Strip". Jerusalem, IL: Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 
  6. "Europeans shiver as Russia cuts gas shipments". 
  7. Warning over new US travel rules. 
  8. "Somali joy as Ethiopians withdraw". News article (BBC News): 2. 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  9. "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". 
  10. "Archived copy". 
  11. "Rainfall and Temperature Extremes". 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  12. News, A. B. C.. "Technology Index". 
  13. "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated -". 
  14. "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". 3 March 2009. 
  15. "BBC NEWS | Europe | Italy earthquake deaths soar - PM". 
  16. "WebCite query result". 
  17. "Sri Lanka 'liberated from terror'". 19 May 2009. 
  18. "Iceland to hand in formal EU membership application Earth Times".,iceland-to-hand-in-formal-eu-membership-application.html. 
  19. "Ousted Honduran leader departs on flight for home". 5 July 2009. 
  20. "Archived copy". 
  21. "Archived copy". 
  22. "Clinton leaves North Korea with pardoned journalists". 4 August 2009. 
  23. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  24. "CERN Press Release". CERN. Retrieved 2009-12-06.