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2009



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Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
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Years: 2006 2007 200820092010 2011 2012

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. It was also the last year of the 2000s decade.

2009 was called the:

Events

January

February

  • February 1 – Patriarch Kirill I of Moscow is enthroned as the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • February 1 – Johanna Sigurdardottir becomes Prime Minister of Iceland.
  • February 2 – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has launched its own satellite, "Omid", into orbit on an Iranian-built rocket.[10]
  • February 7 – The deadliest bushfires in Australian history begin; they kill 173, injure 500 more, and leave 7,500 homeless. The fires come after Melbourne records the hottest-ever temperature (46.4 °C, 115 °F) of any capital city in Australia. The majority of the fires are started by either fallen or clashing power lines or deliberately lit.
  • February 9Victoria (Australia) hottest day, 48.8 °C at Hopetoun.[11]
  • February 10 – A Russian and an American satellite collide over Siberia, creating a large amount of space debris.[12]
  • February 17 – The JEM rebel group in Darfur, Sudan sign a pact with the Sudanese government, planning a ceasefire within the next 3 months.
  • February 25 – Members of the Bangladesh Rifles paramilitary force begin mutinying. Over 80 are killed.

March

  • March 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.[13]
  • March 3 – Gunmen attack a bus carrying Sri Lankan cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan, killing eight people and injuring several others.[14]
  • March 17 – The President of Madagascar, Marc Ravalomanana, is overthrown in a coup d'état, following a month of rallies in Antananarivo. The military appoints opposition leader Andry Rajoelina as the new president.

April

  • April 1 – Albania and Croatia join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  • April 5North Korea launches the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket, prompting an emergency meeting of—but no official reaction from—the United Nations Security Council.
  • April 6 – A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing nearly 300 and injuring more than 1,500.[15]

May

  • May 4 – The President of Niger, Tandja Mamadou, holds peace talks with the Tuareg rebel groups in north Niger.
  • May 18 – The third C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group meets in Seoul.
  • May 18 -Following more than a quarter-century of fighting, the Sri Lankan Civil War ends with the total military defeat of the LTTE.[16][17]

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

Hit Songs

References

  1. "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. http://iau.org/public_press/news/release/iau0606/. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. http://astronomy2009.org/. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 189 session 61 International Year of National Fibres, 2009 on 20 December 2006
  4. "International Year of Reconciliation 2009". 20 November 2006. http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N06/495/45/PDF/N0649545.pdf?OpenElement. 
  5. Harel, Amos; Yoav Stern and Yanir Yagana (January 3, 2009). "Israel launches a ground operation in the Gaza Strip". Jerusalem, IL: Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10. https://www.webcitation.org/67ZFhI21o?url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1052299.html. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 
  6. "Europeans shiver as Russia cuts gas shipments". http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/28515983/. 
  7. Warning over new US travel rules. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/7822794.stm. 
  8. "Somali joy as Ethiopians withdraw". News article (BBC News): 2. 2009-01-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7825626.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  9. "Bloomberg - Are you a robot?". https://www.bloomberg.com/tosv2.html?vid=&uuid=16216130-1cb7-11e9-8eba-f30fdbd369bf&url=L2FwcHMvbmV3cz9waWQ9MjA2MDExMTYmc2lkPWFfNGlLbkxIUm1sNCZyZWZlcj1hZnJpY2E=. 
  10. "Archived copy". https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/iranian-satellite-launch-prompts-fresh-concern-1545013.html. 
  11. "Rainfall and Temperature Extremes". bom.gov.au. 2011. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/extreme/records.shtml. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  12. News, A. B. C.. "Technology Index". https://abcnews.go.com/Technology. 
  13. "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated - CNN.com". http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/africa/03/02/guineabissau.general/index.html. 
  14. "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". 3 March 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7920260.stm. 
  15. "BBC NEWS | Europe | Italy earthquake deaths soar - PM". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7986727.stm. 
  16. "WebCite query result". http://www.nationalpost.com/story.html?id=1605285. 
  17. "Sri Lanka 'liberated from terror'". 19 May 2009. https://www.express.co.uk/news/world/102140/Sri-Lanka-liberated-from-terror. 
  18. "Iceland to hand in formal EU membership application Earth Times". http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/show/278544,iceland-to-hand-in-formal-eu-membership-application.html. 
  19. "Ousted Honduran leader departs on flight for home". 5 July 2009. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-honduras-idUSN0211965120090705. 
  20. "Archived copy". http://www.laprensa.hn/var/laprensa_site/storage/original/application/1659977598ae64c30e434a0e40f9329b.pdf. 
  21. "Archived copy". https://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090716/ap_on_re_eu/eu_iceland_eu. 
  22. "Clinton leaves North Korea with pardoned journalists". 4 August 2009. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-korea-north-clinton-idUSN0418415720090804. 
  23. "CERN Press Release". CERN. http://public.web.cern.ch/press/pressreleases/Releases2009/PR16.09E.html. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  24. "CERN Press Release". CERN. http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Releases2009/PR18.09E.html. Retrieved 2009-12-06.