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Republic of Guinea-Bissau

República da Guiné-Bissau   (Portuguese)
Flag of Guinea-Bissau
Location of Guinea-Bissau
and largest city
Official languages Portuguese
Ethnic groups
African 99% (includes Balanta 30%
Fula 20%
Manjaca 14%
Mandinga 13%
Papel 7%)
European and mulatto less than 1%
Demonym(s) Bissau-Guinean(s)[1]
Government Republic
• President
José Mário Vaz
Domingos Simoes Pereira
Legislature National People's Assembly
• Declared
24 September 1973
• Recognized
10 September 1974
• Total
36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi) (136th)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
1,647,000[2] (148th)
• 2002 census
• Density
44.1/km2 (114.2/sq mi) (154th)
Satellite image of Guinea-Bissau
Where Guinea-Bissau is in the World

Guinea-Bissau is a country in Africa. The official language is Portuguese, and the capital is Bissau. About 1,442,000 people live in Guinea-Bissau as of 2006.[4] The country was a Portuguese colony in the 19th century. At that time is was called Portuguese Guinea. It became independent in 1973. In 1974, the name of the country's capital was added so that it would not be confused with the neighboring country Guinea.

Regions and sectors

Guinea-Bissau is divided into 8 regions and one autonomous sector. These are divided into thirty-seven sectors. The regions are:

* autonomous sector


  1. "Background Note: Guinea-Bissau". US Department of State. December, 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  2. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. Retrieved 12 March 2009. NB: The preliminary results of the National population census in Guinea-Bissau put the figure at 1,449,230, according to email information by the Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa, Bissau.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Guinea-Bissau". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  4. Retrived on 8 October 2007.