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Republic of Honduras

República de Honduras
Flag of Honduras
Location of Honduras
and largest city
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
80% Mestizo mixture of European and American Indian
17% Amerindian
2% Black
1% White[1]
Demonym(s)Honduran, Catracho
GovernmentConstitutional republic
• President
Juan Orlando Hernández
Ricardo Álvarez
Mauricio Oliva
Jorge Rivera Avilés
• Declared
15 September 1821 (as part of Federal Republic of Central America)
• from the First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Declared
5 November 1838 (as Honduras)
• Total
112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) (102nd)
• 2010 estimate
8,249,574 (94th)
• 2007 census
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (128th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$33.631 billion[2]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$15.347 billion[2]
• Per capita
Gini (1992–2007)55.3[3]
HDI (2010)Increase 0.604[4]
medium · 106th
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code504
ISO 3166 codeHN
  1. "Libre, soberana e independiente" is the official motto, by congressional order, and was put on the coat of arms.
  2. Estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of people by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.

Honduras is a country in Central America. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Most people of Honduras speak the Spanish language. 7,483,763 people live in Honduras and it is 112,492 square kilometres (43,433 sq mi) in size. It is next to El Salvador. To one side is the Caribbean Sea and to the other in the Pacific Ocean.

The ethnic makeup of Honduras is 80% mestizo, 17% amerindian, 2% black, and 1% white.


Departmental division of Honduras

Honduras is divided into 18 departments. The capital city is Tegucigalpa in the Central District within the department of Francisco Morazán.

  1. Atlántida
  2. Choluteca
  3. Colón
  4. Comayagua
  5. Copán
  6. Cortés
  7. El Paraíso
  8. Francisco Morazán
  9. Gracias a Dios
  10. Intibucá
  11. Islas de la Bahía
  12. La Paz
  13. Lempira
  14. Ocotepeque
  15. Olancho
  16. Santa Bárbara
  17. Valle
  18. Yoro

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